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All governments raise taxes for public spending, from schools to highways and social security. The question is what kind of taxes to levy, how they are applied and how they affect people. Governments have become increasingly interested in recent years in using taxes on consumption, such as sales tax and value added tax (VAT) to finance a larger share of this spending.There are two main reasons for this. Some analysts argue that
The proportion of tax revenue raised from direct and indirect taxes has important consequences for income distribution and economic growth, as outlined in the Policy Brief – Consumption Taxes: The way of the future? The effects on growth are analysed in more detail in the papers from the European Commission (for 15 European Union countries) and Australia (for its New Tax System). The effects on income distribution are also addressed
Globalisation not only makes it harder for tax authorities to accurately determine the correct tax liabilities of their taxpayers: it also makes the collection of tax more difficult. Taxpayers may have assets throughout the world but tax authorit...
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Article 27 and commentary of the model tax convention on income and on capital 15 July 2005 - condensed version
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Fiscal equalisation is a transfer of resources across jurisdictions to offset disparities in revenue raising capacity or public service cost. It covers 2.5 percent of GDP or 5 percent of total government expenditure across OECD countries. Equalisation reduces fiscal disparities by two third on average and in some countries levels them virtually out. Strong equalisation comes at a price: on average, around 70 percent of a
The OECD Committee on Fiscal Affairs has today published a revised public discussion draft of Part IV (Insurance) of its Report on the Attribution of Profits to Permanent Establishments. The revised draft replaces the original draft of Part IV released in June 2005.
The study into the role of tax intermediaries, set up by the Forum on Tax Administration (FTA) under the Seoul Declaration (and see also the terms of reference ), has made three additional draft working papers available.
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Presentation by Jeffrey Owens, Director, Centre for Tax Policy and Administration for the OECD/BIAC Conference held in Stockholm on 28/29 May 2007.
22-23 May 2007, the World Customs Organization (WCO) and OECD held a 2nd Joint Confertence on “Transfer Pricing and Customs Valuation of Related Party Transactions”.