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This country note provides an environmental tax and carbon pricing profile for Spain. It shows environmentally related tax revenues, taxes on energy use and effective carbon rates.
This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
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Spain is ranked 13th among the 34 OECD member countries in decreasing order with a tax wedge for an average single worker at 39.6% in 2015, compared with the OECD average of 35.9%. The country occupied the same position in 2014.
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The tax burden in Spain increased by 0.5 percentage points from 32.7% to 33.2% in 2014. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.2 percentage points from 34.2% to 34.4%.
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The VAT revenues in Spain accounted for 16.6% of total tax revenue in 2012, below the OECD average of 19.5%.
OECD countries acknowledge that taxes must play a role in the process of fiscal consolidation as they battle unprecedented budget deficits. In 2010, the majority of OECD governments have stabilised their tax to GDP, with the average ratio moving up slightly from 33.8% in 2009 to 33.9% in 2010.
En España, la carga fiscal sobre las rentas salariales (impuesto sobre la renta y contribuciones salariales y patronales a la seguridad social) no ha cambiado prácticamente en términos de “brecha fiscal” en el período 2000-2009 (carga fiscal definida como la diferencia entre los costes laborales totales y la renta neta percibida por el asalariado: impuesto sobre la renta, más contribuciones a la seguridad social salariales y
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Ninety representatives from 24 partner countries and 9 international organizations participated in the International Tax Compact (ITC) workshop "Joining Forces to Mobilize Domestic Revenues for Development" from 25-26 January 2010 in Brussels.
Spain has joined 16 other countries that have signed the OECD / Council of Europe Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, marking a new step forward in international efforts to combat tax fraud and evasion.