This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
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Australia has the 8th lowest tax wedge among the 34 OECD member countries in 2015, compared with the 7th lowest position in 2014. The average single worker in Australia faced a tax wedge of 28.4% in 2015 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%.
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The tax burden in Australia increased by 0.2 percentage points from 27.3% to 27.5% in 2013¹. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.4 percentage points from 33.8% to 34.2%
Bilateral Agreements that have been signed to establish exchange of information for tax purposes.
In a boost for international efforts to strengthen co-operation against offshore tax evasion, seven new countries have joined the agreement to exchange information automatically under the OECD/G20 standard.
This review particularly recommends shifting away from income taxation to indirect taxation, for instance by raising more revenue from the Goods and Services Tax.
The government’s current review of the federal system, focusing on both spending and tax responsibilities, is welcome, as is the “whole of government” approach to the process.
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The GST revenues in Australia accounted for 12.1% of total tax revenue in 2012, the second lowest proportion in the OECD after Japan and considerably below the OECD average of 19.5%.
The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.
This report summarises the legal and regulatory framework for transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes in Australia.