The importance of effective international co-operation
International co-operation in the law enforcement and regulatory contexts can include formal mutual legal assistance (MLA), extradition, and informal exchanges of information for intelligence gathering purposes where lawfully allowed. Effective international co-operation between countries is crucial for the successful investigation, prosecution and sanction of international corruption offences.
Fast and efficient responses to requests for international co-operation can greatly increase the success of investigations and prosecutions. When the MLA and extradition system works efficiently, prosecutors and investigators have a greater chance of finding suspects, tracing and seizing proceeds, and bringing to justice those who participated in the crime. Delays are significant impediments.
The OECD is a hub for bringing together anti-corruption practitioners from around the world to share experiences, learn from each other and build stronger networks. The Working Group on Bribery has long supported biannual meetings for its law enforcement officials, to which non-members are regularly invited. This initiative could help to explain why the majority of successfully finalised foreign bribery cases involve only members of the Working Group.
13% of foreign bribery cases are brought to the attention of law enforcement authorities through the use of formal and informal mutual legal assistance between countries for related criminal investigations accounts. (OECD Foreign Bribery Report, 2014)
Article 9 of the Anti-Bribery Convention provides that Parties should use all tools available to provide “prompt and effective legal assistance” to other Parties.
Article 46 of the UN Convention against Corruption requires Parties to render to one another the “widest measure” of mutual legal assistance.
DOCUMENTS AND LINKS
Global Network of Law Enforcement Practitioners against Transnational Bribery: 2017 Meeting
International Co-operation in Corruption Cases in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (OECD, 2016) l in Russian
Overcoming international co-operation challenges in corruption cases: Perspectives from the Beijing Workshop, 2016 l Summary in Chinese
International Anti-Corruption Practioners Conference, June 2016
OECD Anti-Bribery Ministerial Meeting, March 2016
Global Law Enforcement Practitioners against Corruption: 2015 Meeting
Anti-Corruption Law Enforcement in Eastern Europe and Central Asia
Data on Enforcement of the Anti-Bribery Convention
Typology on Mutual Legal Assistance in Foreign Bribery Cases (OECD, 2012)