These anti-bribery typology reports apply the expertise and experience of the OECD Working Group on Bribery in International Business Transactions in implementing anti-bribery measures to analyses of the methods and patterns used in corruption cases. These typology reports can be used by researchers, governments, law enforcement authorities and international organisations to review bribery patterns and to improve the effectiveness of current anti-bribery policies and measures.
Liability of Legal Persons for Foreign Bribery: A Stocktaking Report
This stocktaking report first presents a chronology of how systems for the liability of legal persons have evolved among the Parties to the Anti-Bribery Convention. It then presents a “mapping” of the features of these systems for the Parties.
Typology on Mutual Legal Assistance in Foreign Bribery Cases
This study focuses on the challenges that arise in providing and obtaining mutual legal assistance (MLA) in foreign bribery cases. Because these cases take place across borders, effective MLA between countries is crucial for the successful investigation, prosecution and sanctioning of this crime. Building on the experience of law enforcement officials and MLA experts, this study offers guidance on how to overcome many of the challenges associated with MLA and identifies some best practices to help avoid obstacles in the future.
Identification and Quantification of the Proceeds of Bribery: A joint OECD-StAR analysis
This study focuses on the identification and quantification of the proceeds of active bribery in international business transactions. Public and private organisations alike have long recognised that bribery of public officials is harmful to good governance, economic development and competitive conditions. Confiscation and recovery of the proceeds derived from foreign bribery are key elements in the international framework to fight corruption of public officials.
Typologies on the Role of Intermediaries in International Business Transactions
Intermediaries fulfil a key role in international business transactions. While many of them perform lawful tasks, many also engage in bribery of foreign public officials. This report focuses on the use of intermediaries in cases of bribery of foreign public officials.
Bribery in Public Procurement: Methods, Actors and Counter-Measures
This report throws light on the shadowy mechanisms and patterns of bribery in public procurement, and offers insider expertise that governments and international organisations can use to improve their anti-corruption policies.