Countries’ implementation and enforcement of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention is monitored by the OECD Working Group on Bribery through a rigorous peer-review monitoring system, which Transparency International calls the “gold standard” of monitoring.
Monitoring is subject to specific agreed-upon Principles and takes place in several phases:
- Phase 1 evaluates the adequacy of a country’s legislation to implement the Convention
- Phase 2 assesses whether a country is applying this legislation effectively
- Phase 3 focuses on enforcement of the Convention, the 2009 Anti-Bribery Recommendation, and outstanding recommendations from Phase 2
- Phase 4 is under development and scheduled to start in 2016
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