Corruption entails costs that no country can afford. Serious harm results when public officials take bribes, for example, when awarding contracts to foreign businesses in areas such as road construction, water infrastructure, medicines or electricity. In addition to the human suffering caused by inferior products and services, bribery derails the functioning of markets and undermines economic development. By monitoring countries' implementation of the Anti-Bribery Convention and ensuring they uphold their obligations, the OECD Working Group on Bribery is leading global efforts to fight bribery of foreign public officials in international trade and investment. The fight against foreign bribery is a core shared value that unites all 44 Parties to the Anti-Bribery Convention. The Parties’ commitment to this fight is grounded in the recognition that no government or market economy can function effectively if it is riddled by bribery.