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OECD work suggests that Slovenia’s model for economic growth has suffered from both corporate governance weaknesses and heavy reliance on state involvement in the economy. Despite some recent privatisation efforts, Slovenia’s degree of state ownership in the economy remains one of the highest in the OECD,
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The Japanese economy has for many years been characterised by a low corporate return on equity. Increasing returns requires better corporate governance that improves investment and the use of corporate resources, including cash holdings.
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Poor corporate governance was identified as a major factor in Indonesia’s economic crisis in 1997. Since then a wide range of laws and regulations have been introduced and standards developed. Sound corporate governance will reassure stakeholders that their rights are protected, thus building confidence and trust in doing business in Indonesia.
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Infrastructure investment in Indonesia was seriously impaired by the 1997 Asian financial crisis. Indonesia plans to increase investment sharply through both public spending and private finance. Yet, Indonesia lacks suitable long-term investment vehicles and capital markets are still developing.
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Bribery is a threat to good governance, sustainable economic development, democracy and people’s welfare. The corrosive effects of bribery can spread across borders, affecting economies and societies everywhere. The ability to address bribery, both domestically and internationally, is impaired by a lack of transparency, accountability and integrity in the public and private sectors.
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Exports increasingly rely on imports, that is to say intermediate goods and services. This means that they consequently rely on value added in the countries that manufacture inputs into their export goods and services. Trade in value added (TiVA) is an approach used to estimate a breakdown of the value added–by country and industry– to a good or service produced for export or consumed in the domestic economy.
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The Policy Brief is designed to provide practical recommendations on corporate governance practices in the banking sector.
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Private investment is essential for ensuring economic growth, sustainable development and poverty reduction. It increases the productive capacity of an economy, drives job creation, brings innovation and new technologies, and boosts income growth. But the amount of private investment, particularly in African and developing economies, falls short of development needs. And the benefits of investment in emerging and transition economies