Policy Briefs


  • 22-September-2014

    English, PDF, 702kb

    Policy Brief: Fighting Bribery in International Business

    Bribery is a threat to good governance, sustainable economic development, democracy and people’s welfare. The corrosive effects of bribery can spread across borders, affecting economies and societies everywhere. The ability to address bribery, both domestically and internationally, is impaired by a lack of transparency, accountability and integrity in the public and private sectors.

  • 27-March-2014

    English, PDF, 566kb

    Policy Brief: Trade in Value Added

    Exports increasingly rely on imports, that is to say intermediate goods and services. This means that they consequently rely on value added in the countries that manufacture inputs into their export goods and services. Trade in value added (TiVA) is an approach used to estimate a breakdown of the value added–by country and industry– to a good or service produced for export or consumed in the domestic economy.

  • 1-November-2009

    English, , 1,735kb

    Policy Brief on Improving Corporate Governance of Banks in the Middle East and North Africa

    The Policy Brief is designed to provide practical recommendations on corporate governance practices in the banking sector.

  • 13-September-2006

    English, , 190kb

    Policy Brief: The Policy Framework for Investment

    Private investment is essential for ensuring economic growth, sustainable development and poverty reduction. It increases the productive capacity of an economy, drives job creation, brings innovation and new technologies, and boosts income growth. But the amount of private investment, particularly in African and developing economies, falls short of development needs. And the benefits of investment in emerging and transition economies