Capital markets worldwide are undergoing profound changes and are expected to play an increasingly important role in providing business with access to capital. This is prompting many countries to review the functioning of their capital markets to provide better conditions for financing private sector innovation, investment and growth. Capital market reforms are often supported by more competitive corporate governance regulations, including company law and securities regulation. The OECD reviews the functioning of capital markets, provides international comparisons and proposes how to improve corporate access to capital. This analysis is evidence-based and drawn from a broad spectrum of international experiences with improving national capital formation and private sector competitiveness.