Competitive neutrality means that state-owned and private businesses compete on a level playing field. This is essential for the effective use of resources within the economy and thus the achievement of growth and development. While the principle of competitive neutrality is gaining wide support around the world, obtaining it in practice is a much more difficult question.
An estimated 22% of the world’s largest firms are now effectively under state control, this is the highest percentage in decades. These firms are likely to remain a prominent feature of the global marketplace in the near future. The upsurge of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) as global competitors has given rise to concerns related to a level playing field. Some business competitors and observers claim that preferential treatment granted by governments to SOEs in return for public policy obligations carried out at home can give SOEs a competitive edge in their foreign expansion. The OECD has taken a multidisciplinary approach, looking at the issue from the competition, investment, corporate governance and trade policy perspectives. The report aims to sort fact from fiction, and develop a stronger understanding, based on empirical evidence, on how to address growing policy concerns with regard to SOE internationalisation. The report concludes that although there is no clear evidence of systematic abusive behaviour by SOE investors, frictions need to be addressed, in view of keeping the global economy open to trade and investment.
In the United States, the most watched indicator of productivity (nonfarm business productivity growth) decelerated about ¾ percentage point from 2009 to 2014 relative to the preceding 5-year period.
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This study investigates how making product or labour market regulation more flexible changes workers’ risks of moving out of employment and jobless people’s chances of becoming employed.
Reforms that boost growth by enhancing economic flexibility often meet strong opposition related to concerns that they may imply adverse consequences for categories of workers. This study investigates how making product or labour market regulation more flexible changes workers’ risks of moving out of employment and jobless people’s chances of becoming employed.
The dynamics of competition in land transport are about to undergo significant changes. Increasing digitalisation is changing the way transport services are offered. In November 2016, the OECD held a roundtable to discuss future challenges and how these new developments are being handled by competition agencies.
This page contains information on the work of the OECD and Colombia in the area of Competition Law and Policy.
Οι ελληνικές κυβερνήσεις έχουν κάνει σημαντικά βήματα τα τελευταία χρόνια για την ενίσχυση της νομοθεσίας περί ανταγωνισμού. Χρησιμοποιώντας τον Οδηγό Αξιολόγησης Ανταγωνισμού του ΟΟΣΑ, τρεις εκθέσεις έχουν ήδη εντοπίσει προβληματικούς κανονισμούς σε επιλεγμένους τομείς και πολλές διατάξεις που θα μπορούσαν να τροποποιηθούν για την ενίσχυση του ανταγωνισμού. Δείτε τις εκθέσεις
The Greek authorities have taken important steps in recent years to reinforce competition law. Using the OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit three reports have already identified several problematic regulations in selected sectors and numerous provisions where changes could be made to foster competition. View the reports.
The MENA region registered relatively dynamic economic growth and investment rates during the first decade of the century, even during the global economic and financial crisis. This was helped by important reforms by many governments to increase economic openness, diversification, private sector development and institutional reform. The participation of Tunisia and Jordan in the Open Government Partnership, the massive investment in infrastructure by Morocco and Egypt to increase connectivity and improve participation in global trade, and the efforts of the United Arab Emirates to diversify its economy demonstrate the great potential of the region to achieve progress. However, recent political instability and security threats have considerably slowed economic prospects. Reforms have not succeeded in tackling deeper structural challenges, such as corruption, unemployment, uneven development and unequal opportunities, especially for disadvantaged regions, women and youth. Appropriate policy responses are needed to regain stability and lay the foundations for a more open economy and a more inclusive development model. While the MENA region is profoundly heterogeneous, there are significant common economic and institutional trends that support the need for more concerted action to exploit the immense potential of the region and ensure its fruitful integration into the global economy.