Reforms that boost growth by enhancing economic flexibility often meet strong opposition related to concerns that they may imply adverse consequences for categories of workers. This study investigates how making product or labour market regulation more flexible changes workers’ risks of moving out of employment and jobless people’s chances of becoming employed.
This page contains information on the work of the OECD and Colombia in the area of Competition Law and Policy.
Οι ελληνικές κυβερνήσεις έχουν κάνει σημαντικά βήματα τα τελευταία χρόνια για την ενίσχυση της νομοθεσίας περί ανταγωνισμού. Χρησιμοποιώντας τον Οδηγό Αξιολόγησης Ανταγωνισμού του ΟΟΣΑ, τρεις εκθέσεις έχουν ήδη εντοπίσει προβληματικούς κανονισμούς σε επιλεγμένους τομείς και πολλές διατάξεις που θα μπορούσαν να τροποποιηθούν για την ενίσχυση του ανταγωνισμού. Δείτε τις εκθέσεις
The Greek government and the OECD have worked together to assess the costs and benefits of regulations restricting competition in the tourism, retail trade, food processing and construction materials sectors and to propose specific recommendations for change.
The Greek authorities have taken important steps in recent years to reinforce competition law. Using the OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit three reports have already identified several problematic regulations in selected sectors and numerous provisions where changes could be made to foster competition. View the reports.
The MENA region registered relatively dynamic economic growth and investment rates during the first decade of the century, even during the global economic and financial crisis. This was helped by important reforms by many governments to increase economic openness, diversification, private sector development and institutional reform. The participation of Tunisia and Jordan in the Open Government Partnership, the massive investment in infrastructure by Morocco and Egypt to increase connectivity and improve participation in global trade, and the efforts of the United Arab Emirates to diversify its economy demonstrate the great potential of the region to achieve progress. However, recent political instability and security threats have considerably slowed economic prospects. Reforms have not succeeded in tackling deeper structural challenges, such as corruption, unemployment, uneven development and unequal opportunities, especially for disadvantaged regions, women and youth. Appropriate policy responses are needed to regain stability and lay the foundations for a more open economy and a more inclusive development model. While the MENA region is profoundly heterogeneous, there are significant common economic and institutional trends that support the need for more concerted action to exploit the immense potential of the region and ensure its fruitful integration into the global economy.
OECD-GVH Regional Centre for Competition in Budapest website
This publication presents an original collection of indicators for measuring the state of entrepreneurship and its determinants, produced by the OECD-Eurostat Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme. The 2016 edition introduces data from a new online small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) survey prepared by Facebook in co-operation with the OECD and the World Bank. It also features a special chapter on SME productivity, and indicators to monitor gender gaps in entrepreneurship.
Ukraine’s post-Maidan authorities have embarked upon an ambitious reform programme to improve the country’s framework for investment and strengthen the country as an attractive investment destination. This review, which was prepared in close cooperation with the Ukrainian authorities in response to their 2011 request to adhere to the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises (OECD Declaration), analyses the general investment framework as well as recent reform, and shows where further efforts are necessary. It assesses Ukraine’s ability to comply with the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination and its policy convergence with international investment standards such as the OECD Declaration. In light of the recently updated OECD Policy Framework for Investment, it also studies other areas such as investment promotion and facilitation, infrastructure development; financial sector development and responsible business conduct practices. In the scarcely two years since a new attempt at economic reforms was launched in earnest, Ukraine has made quite important progress in introducing a modern legal framework for investment. But additional efforts are required in some policy areas to reaffirm Ukraine’s attractiveness for investors.
The dynamics of competition in land transport are about to undergo significant changes. Increasing digitalisation is changing the way transport services are offered. In November 2016, the OECD held a roundtable to discuss future challenges and how these new developments are being handled by competition agencies.