In its latest publication, Development of Competitive Gas Trading in Continental Europe, the IEA examines the history of major gas markets’ development in OECD Europe, and explores the possible expansion of trading through the mechanism of different hubs across the region. Lessons learned from North American markets on the benefits of regulatory convergence and investor-friendly legal framework are an important part of the analysis. Competitive trading based on transparent, non-discriminatory rules in a flexible and integrated European gas market will lead to more efficiency, timely investment, and greater market resilience, therefore ensuring more security for both customers and suppliers in the long term.
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This report describes why occupational pensions play a major role in OECD countries and worldwide, complementing retirement income from state sources. Their financial importance is highlighted by the volume of assets they manage on behalf of plan members, USD 22 trillion at the end of 2008. Population ageing has also led many OECD countries to undertake a wide range of pension reforms – the overall effect of which has been to reduce
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The OECD has been developing a response to the crisis that is holistic, looking atfinancial market issues, and the wide variety of factors that led to damaging incentive structures, as well as the requirements for broader macro and fiscal policies. The crisis has led to a variety of emergency financial measures such as loans, guarantees, and nationalisations. For financial markets, the focus is on exit strategies that are consistent
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The financial crisis that started in the summer of 2007 is shaking the world’s economic system. It started in the financial sector, but is now having an important impact on the real economy. This paper discusses the role of competition policy in times of systemic financial crises, focusing mainly on the financial sector but also looks at the applicability of competition policy to the real sector.
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This 2005 report examines the progress in the ongoing fight against cartels; it focuses on enforcement action; public awareness; effective sanctions, in particular sanctions against individuals; and international cooperation in cartel cases.
Governance is the next issue the People’s Republic of China needs to tackle. This report shows how governance impacts on public action by looking at different policy sectors, takes stock of the progress made in public management and public finance, and explores policy options for the future.
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This report is part of the monitoring of developments since the 1999 OECD Report on Regulatory Reform in Japan ("1999 Report"), with particular attention to the implementation of its recommendations.
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OECD Economic Outlook No. 73, Chapter 6. This chapter reviews recent trends and patterns in FDI and the related activity of foreign affiliates.
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OECD Economic Outlook No. 73, Chapter 7. This chapter reviews restrictions on FDI inflows in OECD countries.
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OECD Economic Outlook No. 73, Chapter 8. This chapter aims at identifying policy influences on bilateral and overall FDI patterns in the OECD area.