Competition is about increasing choice and efficiency to benefit consumers and make the economy more productive. This applies also to utilities which in many countries have been liberalised (such as electricity, water, railways and telecoms), are subject to regulation (banking and other financial services) or where the government plays an important role (healthcare, education and local public services).
This publication summarises three roundtable discussions on transparency and procedural fairness held during 2010 and 2011 at OECD Competition meetings.
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This Review was prepared as part of the process of Israel’s accession to OECD membership. It highlights some of the key challenges facing Israel in its implementation and enforcement of competition policy. Israel became an OECD member on 7 September 2010.
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This study estimates mark-ups for services industries in European OECD members and its novelty is that it i) allows for non-constant returns to scale, ii) jointly estimates mark-ups for all sectors and in all countries and iii) estimates mark-ups at a detailed level of sectoral disaggregation. <
Reports on national competition institutions and regulation in specific sectors.
This report reviews the competition regime in Honduras and makes recommendations for improvements such as reducing government intervention in the unregulated sectors of the economy and strengthening awareness and understanding of the importance of competition for the Honduran economy.
Macroeconomic crises and shocks often cause large and unforeseen income and employment losses. This chapter presents new OECD analysis of the types of policies that have helped to protect the most vulnerable from these losses in a wide group of OECD and emerging countries.
This OECD report analyses the existing legal framework of public procurement in Mexico, lists areas in current laws and regulations which restrict the scope of action for the Mexican Institute of Social Services and other public agencies and their ability to obtain the best value from their purchases, and issues over 20 recommendations in specific areas on how to improve procurement procedures to avoid collusion amongst suppliers.
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During the financial crisis many governments aided both the financial and non-financial sectors in their countries on an unprecedented scale. These emergency measures have in some cases taken precedence over competition rules. In particular the fact that governments helped some banks but not others has weakened competition in some markets, with “too big to fail” institutions commanding a higher market share than previously. This has
This report examines the interplay between banking competition and financial stability, taking into account the consequences of the recent global crisis and the policy responses it provoked.