Best Practices / Guidelines

  • 3-September-2010

    English, Excel, 1,834kb

    Generic Pharmaceuticals - Competition Policy Roundtable - OECD

    Practices that may harm competition in the pharmaceutical sector have emerged as important and controversial issues in recent years. This proceedings examine the nature of competition between generic and branded products in the pharmaceutical sector, as well as the effects on competition of agreements to delay the entry of generics on the market. It includes an analytical note by the staff of the United States Federal Trade

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  • 3-September-2010

    English, , 3,149kb

    Competition, Concentration and Stability in the Banking Sector - Competition Policy Roundtable - OECD

    Is financial stability enhanced or weakened by competition? This proceedings addresses the link between concentration and competition in the financial sector. It includes reports from Australia, Bulgaria, Chile, Egypt, the European Commission, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, the Russian Federation, South Africa, Switzerland, Chinese Taipei, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United

  • 10-August-2010

    English, , 1,911kb

    The Failing Firm Defence - Competition Policy Roundtables - OECD

    The failing firm defence (FFD) has arisen infrequently in merger cases but is expected to be used more frequently in the current economic climate. The FFD exists in most OECD jurisdictions and exempts an otherwise anticompetitive merger from challenge under the competition laws if the target company is in such poor financial condition that its only other option would be to exit the relevant market. This proceedings includes elements

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  • 1-October-2009

    English, , 1,419kb

    Experience with Direct Settlements in Cartel Cases - Competition Policy Roundtables - OECD

    Settlements procedures may pursue different policy objectives in different OECD jurisdictions. Generally, they reward cooperation from the investigated parties, they create and sustain momentum in the investigation of other conspirators and they allow cartel cases to be resolved quickly. In some jurisdictions, settlements also offer “finality”, i.e. they offer companies certainty as to the outcome of the investigation and allow them

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  • 16-June-2009

    English, , 16,051kb

    Competition and Financial Markets

    The financial sector is vulnerable to systemic loss of trust. The current crisis resulted from failures in financial market regulation, not failure of competition. Competition and stability can co-exist in the financial sector: more competitive market structures promote stability by reducing the number of banks that are “too big to fail”. Competition helps make the financial sector efficient and ensure that rescue and stimulus

  • 15-June-2009

    English, , 1,634kb

    Competition Policy for Vertical Relations in Gasoline Retailing

    Gasoline retailing has changed dramatically over the last 25 years. While refiners often still have extensive networks of gasoline retailers, there is also a large independent sector in many countries. A study of the effects of entry by large general retailers finds benefits to consumers. There has been a vigorous debate about whether vertical separation between gasoline stations and upstream entities should be required. It appears

  • 12-March-2009


    Guidelines for Fighting Bid Rigging in Public Procurement

    These Guidelines help governments improve public procurement by fighting bid rigging. They are designed to reduce the risks of bid rigging through careful design of the procurement process and to detect bid rigging conspiracies during the procurement process.

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  • 2-December-2008

    English, , 2,112kb

    Minority Shareholdings and Interlocking Directorates

    While there is no presumption of per se illegality of structural links between competitors, minority shareholdings and interlocking directorates can have negative effects on competition depending on the circumstances, either by reducing the individual incentives to compete or by facilitating collusion. In OECD countries, merger review rules are most frequently used to examine the competitive effects of minority shareholdings. However,

  • 14-January-2008

    English, , 2,566kb

    Private Remedies

    Between 2004 and 2006, the Competition Committee held a series of four roundtables on private enforcement in competition cases. This document summarises those discussions and focuses on general principles and policies as well as a number of specific issues related to private actions for damages.

  • 14-January-2008

    English, , 3,146kb

    Energy Security and Competition Policy

    This roundtable examined the links between competition policy and energy security, with a focus on natural gas. The discussion began by addressing the questions of the meaning and importance of energy security; and the determinants of energy security, particularly as they relate to competition policy. It continued in dealing with gas supply, transportation, and distribution, addressing five aspects that relate to different aspects

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