Best Practices / Guidelines


  • 8-March-2011

    English, , 2,238kb

    Standard Setting- Competition Policy Roundtable - OECD

    Standard setting yields substantial benefits to consumers and often promotes competition to benefit consumers. Nonetheless, at times, standard setting can give rise to potential consumer harms. By bringing together different players in an industry, the standard setting process provides an opportunity for collusion, deception and strategy about which regulators must be vigilant and proactive. The discussion held found that a standard

  • 30-November-2010

    English, , 2,520kb

    Exit Strategies - Competition Policy Roundtable - OECD

    During the financial crisis many governments aided both the financial and non-financial sectors in their countries on an unprecedented scale. These emergency measures have in some cases taken precedence over competition rules. In particular the fact that governments helped some banks but not others has weakened competition in some markets, with “too big to fail” institutions commanding a higher market share than previously. This has

  • 26-November-2010

    English, , 2,646kb

    Electricity: Renewables and Smart Grids - Competition Policy Roundtable - OECD

    This document reviews the competition policy implications of increasing penetration of renewable energy. It includes submissions from Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, the European Union, France, Greece, Hungary, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Russia, Spain, the United Kingdom, the United States and business.

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  • 15-October-2010

    English, , 4,422kb

    Collusion and Corruption in Public Procurement - Competition Policy Roundtable - OECD

    Collusion and corruption are distinct problems within public procurement, yet they may frequently occur in tandem, and have mutually reinforcing effect. They are best viewed, therefore, as concomitant threats to the integrity of public procurement. The distinctiveness of public procurement and its context makes the process particularly vulnerable to collusion and corruption, while also increasing the magnitude of harm that these

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  • 15-October-2010

    English, , 5,202kb

    Collusion and Corruption in Public Procurement - Competition Policy Roundtable - OECD

    Collusion and corruption are distinct problems within public procurement, yet they may frequently occur in tandem, and have mutually reinforcing effect. They are best viewed, therefore, as concomitant threats to the integrity of public procurement.The distinctiveness of public procurement and its context makes the process particularly vulnerable to collusion and corruption, while also increasing the magnitude of harm that these

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  • 5-October-2010

    English, , 1,391kb

    Competition and Credit Rating Agencies - Competition Policy Hearings - OECD

    Credit ratings provide an opinion on the relative ability and willingness of parties with debt obligations to meet financial commitments. They have three functions: to measure the credit risk of the issuer, to provide a means of comparison and to provide a common standard. The credit rating market is a natural oligopoly, with three Credit Rating Agencies (CRAs) accounting for more than 90% of the market. The recent financial crisis

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  • 3-September-2010

    English, Excel, 1,834kb

    Generic Pharmaceuticals - Competition Policy Roundtable - OECD

    Practices that may harm competition in the pharmaceutical sector have emerged as important and controversial issues in recent years. This proceedings examine the nature of competition between generic and branded products in the pharmaceutical sector, as well as the effects on competition of agreements to delay the entry of generics on the market. It includes an analytical note by the staff of the United States Federal Trade

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  • 3-September-2010

    English, , 3,149kb

    Competition, Concentration and Stability in the Banking Sector - Competition Policy Roundtable - OECD

    Is financial stability enhanced or weakened by competition? This proceedings addresses the link between concentration and competition in the financial sector. It includes reports from Australia, Bulgaria, Chile, Egypt, the European Commission, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, the Russian Federation, South Africa, Switzerland, Chinese Taipei, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United

  • 10-August-2010

    English, , 1,911kb

    The Failing Firm Defence - Competition Policy Roundtables - OECD

    The failing firm defence (FFD) has arisen infrequently in merger cases but is expected to be used more frequently in the current economic climate. The FFD exists in most OECD jurisdictions and exempts an otherwise anticompetitive merger from challenge under the competition laws if the target company is in such poor financial condition that its only other option would be to exit the relevant market. This proceedings includes elements

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  • 1-October-2009

    English, , 1,419kb

    Experience with Direct Settlements in Cartel Cases - Competition Policy Roundtables - OECD

    Settlements procedures may pursue different policy objectives in different OECD jurisdictions. Generally, they reward cooperation from the investigated parties, they create and sustain momentum in the investigation of other conspirators and they allow cartel cases to be resolved quickly. In some jurisdictions, settlements also offer “finality”, i.e. they offer companies certainty as to the outcome of the investigation and allow them

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