Best Practices / Guidelines


15-October-2010

English, , 4,422kb

Collusion and Corruption in Public Procurement - Competition Policy Roundtable - OECD

Collusion and corruption are distinct problems within public procurement, yet they may frequently occur in tandem, and have mutually reinforcing effect. They are best viewed, therefore, as concomitant threats to the integrity of public procurement. The distinctiveness of public procurement and its context makes the process particularly vulnerable to collusion and corruption, while also increasing the magnitude of harm that these

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15-October-2010

English, , 5,202kb

Collusion and Corruption in Public Procurement - Competition Policy Roundtable - OECD

Collusion and corruption are distinct problems within public procurement, yet they may frequently occur in tandem, and have mutually reinforcing effect. They are best viewed, therefore, as concomitant threats to the integrity of public procurement.The distinctiveness of public procurement and its context makes the process particularly vulnerable to collusion and corruption, while also increasing the magnitude of harm that these

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5-October-2010

English, , 1,391kb

Competition and Credit Rating Agencies - Competition Policy Hearings - OECD

Credit ratings provide an opinion on the relative ability and willingness of parties with debt obligations to meet financial commitments. They have three functions: to measure the credit risk of the issuer, to provide a means of comparison and to provide a common standard. The credit rating market is a natural oligopoly, with three Credit Rating Agencies (CRAs) accounting for more than 90% of the market. The recent financial crisis

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3-September-2010

English, Excel, 1,834kb

Generic Pharmaceuticals - Competition Policy Roundtable - OECD

Practices that may harm competition in the pharmaceutical sector have emerged as important and controversial issues in recent years. This proceedings examine the nature of competition between generic and branded products in the pharmaceutical sector, as well as the effects on competition of agreements to delay the entry of generics on the market. It includes an analytical note by the staff of the United States Federal Trade

3-September-2010

English, , 3,149kb

Competition, Concentration and Stability in the Banking Sector - Competition Policy Roundtable - OECD

Is financial stability enhanced or weakened by competition? This proceedings addresses the link between concentration and competition in the financial sector. It includes reports from Australia, Bulgaria, Chile, Egypt, the European Commission, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, the Russian Federation, South Africa, Switzerland, Chinese Taipei, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United

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10-August-2010

English, , 1,911kb

The Failing Firm Defence - Competition Policy Roundtables - OECD

The failing firm defence (FFD) has arisen infrequently in merger cases but is expected to be used more frequently in the current economic climate. The FFD exists in most OECD jurisdictions and exempts an otherwise anticompetitive merger from challenge under the competition laws if the target company is in such poor financial condition that its only other option would be to exit the relevant market. This proceedings includes elements

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1-October-2009

English, , 1,419kb

Experience with Direct Settlements in Cartel Cases - Competition Policy Roundtables - OECD

Settlements procedures may pursue different policy objectives in different OECD jurisdictions. Generally, they reward cooperation from the investigated parties, they create and sustain momentum in the investigation of other conspirators and they allow cartel cases to be resolved quickly. In some jurisdictions, settlements also offer “finality”, i.e. they offer companies certainty as to the outcome of the investigation and allow them

16-June-2009

English, , 16,051kb

Competition and Financial Markets

The financial sector is vulnerable to systemic loss of trust. The current crisis resulted from failures in financial market regulation, not failure of competition. Competition and stability can co-exist in the financial sector: more competitive market structures promote stability by reducing the number of banks that are “too big to fail”. Competition helps make the financial sector efficient and ensure that rescue and stimulus

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15-June-2009

English, , 1,634kb

Competition Policy for Vertical Relations in Gasoline Retailing

Gasoline retailing has changed dramatically over the last 25 years. While refiners often still have extensive networks of gasoline retailers, there is also a large independent sector in many countries. A study of the effects of entry by large general retailers finds benefits to consumers. There has been a vigorous debate about whether vertical separation between gasoline stations and upstream entities should be required. It appears

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12-March-2009

English

Guidelines for Fighting Bid Rigging in Public Procurement

These Guidelines help governments improve public procurement by fighting bid rigging. They are designed to reduce the risks of bid rigging through careful design of the procurement process and to detect bid rigging conspiracies during the procurement process.

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