Macroeconomic crises and shocks often cause large and unforeseen income and employment losses. This chapter presents new OECD analysis of the types of policies that have helped to protect the most vulnerable from these losses in a wide group of OECD and emerging countries.
By removing barriers to entry in protected sectors and guaranteeing a level playing field for entrepreneurs, pro-competition reforms can unlock opportunities for investment and for the creation of jobs, said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.
English, Excel, 1,853kb
The 2011 OECD Global Forum on Competition addressed the challenge of effective merger control of cross-border mergers for many developing and emerging economies. This proceedings includes a summary of the discussion, expert papers and over 30 national contributions.
This OECD report analyses the existing legal framework of public procurement in Mexico, lists areas in current laws and regulations which restrict the scope of action for the Mexican Institute of Social Services and other public agencies and their ability to obtain the best value from their purchases, and issues over 20 recommendations in specific areas on how to improve procurement procedures to avoid collusion amongst suppliers.
In the 16 years since the OECD began conducting Economic Surveys of the Russian Federation, a great many policy recommendations relating to structural reform and framework conditions have been made.
Improvements in the macroeconomic policy framework over the past two decades and prudent regulation of the financial system have contributed to reduce output volatility in Mexico relative to other OECD countries.
English, , 2,098kb
When are horizontal agreements relating to environmental objectives necessary or efficient from a social perspective?When should they be discontinued pursuant to competition concerns? Such agreements can create interesting challenges for competition authorities. On the one hand, they may improve efficiency and consumer welfare, such as by enabling risk sharing and cost savings and by facilitating innovation. On the other hand, they
Brazil under-invested in infrastructure for over three decades, and infrastructure investment rates have come up only slowly since 2007. Infrastructure needs are sizeable in almost all sectors.
Low investment rates are limiting Brazil’s future potential growth rate. This paper analyses a number of potential reasons for these low investment rates and discusses policy options to achieve faster capital accumulation.
English, , 4,283kb
Resorting to crisis cartels would go against the two decade-long trend of tougher enforcement of cartels in developing and industrialised countries. As a practical matter, governments should have the procedures to evaluate such cartels during economic crises. Any exempted cartel should be granted a finite lifetime and be subject to review according to pre-specified criteria. Alternative measures are available to governments that can