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Individual sanctions can be an important tool in the fight against cartels, as corporate fines are almost never sufficiently high to be an optimal deterrent. A country’s decision whether to provide for criminal sanctions depends on several factors, such as the cultural and legal environment and the competition authority’s resources. If a country provides for criminal sanctions, relatively short prison sentences appear to be the most
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This report is part of the monitoring of developments since the 1999 OECD Report on Regulatory Reform in Japan ("1999 Report"), with particular attention to the implementation of its recommendations.
This working paper is part of the OECD's 2004 Economic Survey for Hungary and is one of a series of reviews on competition issues across OECD member countries.
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Universal service obligations are common in many of the infrastructure sectors. The obligations are often cited as a justification for limiting entry of new providers because the new providers would cherry-pick the high profit customers who provide the basis for subsidisation of another group of customers. When obligations are beneficial, there are a number of policy traps that can be encountered. Obligations are often not
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OECD Economic Outlook No. 73, Chapter 6. This chapter reviews recent trends and patterns in FDI and the related activity of foreign affiliates.
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OECD Economic Outlook No. 73, Chapter 7. This chapter reviews restrictions on FDI inflows in OECD countries.
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OECD Economic Outlook No. 73, Chapter 8. This chapter aims at identifying policy influences on bilateral and overall FDI patterns in the OECD area.
This book reviews progress in the fight against hard core cartels. The OECD has been leading an international effort to halt cartel conduct since adopting its 1998 Recommendation concerning effective action against hard core cartels.
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OECD Economic Outlook No. 73, Chapter 4. Confidence is slowly returning to the telecommunications sector after the "boom and bust" years of the 1990s.
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Is competition policy sufficiently integrated into the general policy framework for regulation? Competition policy is central to regulatory reform, because its principles and analysis provide a benchmark for assessing the quality of economic and ...