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Publications & Documents
Financial integration and development raise the likelihood of cross-border financial contagion. Further improvements are needed to European regulatory and supervisory frameworks to ensure financial stability.
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While there is no presumption of per se illegality of structural links between competitors, minority shareholdings and interlocking directorates can have negative effects on competition depending on the circumstances, either by reducing the individual incentives to compete or by facilitating collusion.
In OECD countries, merger review rules are most frequently used to examine the competitive effects of minority shareholdings. However,
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OECD Chief Economist, Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel's presentation on 18 November, 2008 at the OECD-World Bank joint conference on innovation and sustainable growth in a globalized world.
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The world is rapidly transforming and a number of dynamic emerging economies,including South Africa, have become major players and trading partners with the members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development(OECD). In this context, the OECD Members have recognised the need for theOrganisation to become more open and relevant in order to realise its strategicgoal of becoming an important hub for dialogue on globally
This working paper suggests that establishing stronger vertical separation between network access provision and potentially competitive services will be the main challenge for Germany going forward.
In his remarks delivered at the APEC Structural Reform Ministerial Meeting, Mr. Gurría explained that designing structural reform has been at the core of the OECD’s mission since its inception, to promote a better functioning of the global economy and raise living standards in member and partner countries. Now the OECD has gone one step further, trying to figure out how reform can be successfully implemented.
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Slovenia’s product market regulation appears more stringent than in some neighbouring countries, though less restrictive than in some transition economies. In key service sectors (financial services, energy and telecommunication), low contestability linked to state involvement and strong market concentration may have deterred inward FDI.
Despite the great progress France has made in opening its markets for goods and services, and in strengthening the overall framework for competition, there are still regulatory barriers to entry in many sectors, particularly in retail trade and various professional services. The emergence of real competition in the retail market for gas and electricity and in telecommunications (provision of high speed Internet through a fibre optics
Estonia is particularly well regarded in ICT network readiness and well-functioning e-government. However, the share of production in high tech and knowledge intensive sectors is relatively low.