Publications & Documents


  • 27-August-2009

    English

    Development of Competitive Gas Trading in Continental Europe

    In its latest publication, Development of Competitive Gas Trading in Continental Europe, the IEA examines the history of major gas markets’ development in OECD Europe, and explores the possible expansion of trading through the mechanism of different hubs across the region. Lessons learned from North American markets on the benefits of regulatory convergence and investor-friendly legal framework are an important part of the

  • 22-July-2009

    English

    Financial stability in the United Kingdom: Banking on prudence

    This paper reviews the supervisory and regulatory framework and the many reforms that have already been adopted to remedy these weaknesses. It also provides recommendations for further reforms.

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  • 18-June-2009

    English, , 276kb

    Private Pensions and Policy Responses to the Crisis

    This report describes why occupational pensions play a major role in OECD countries and worldwide, complementing retirement income from state sources. Their financial importance is highlighted by the volume of assets they manage on behalf of plan members, USD 22 trillion at the end of 2008. Population ageing has also led many OECD countries to undertake a wide range of pension reforms – the overall effect of which has been to reduce

  • 16-June-2009

    English, , 16,051kb

    Competition and Financial Markets

    The financial sector is vulnerable to systemic loss of trust. The current crisis resulted from failures in financial market regulation, not failure of competition. Competition and stability can co-exist in the financial sector: more competitive market structures promote stability by reducing the number of banks that are “too big to fail”. Competition helps make the financial sector efficient and ensure that rescue and stimulus

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  • 15-June-2009

    English, , 1,634kb

    Competition Policy for Vertical Relations in Gasoline Retailing

    Gasoline retailing has changed dramatically over the last 25 years. While refiners often still have extensive networks of gasoline retailers, there is also a large independent sector in many countries. A study of the effects of entry by large general retailers finds benefits to consumers. There has been a vigorous debate about whether vertical separation between gasoline stations and upstream entities should be required. It appears

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  • 7-May-2009

    English

    OECD and the London G20 summit in 2009

    At the G20 summit in London on 2 April, governments pledged to do all they can to restore confidence, growth and jobs; repair and strengthen the financial system; promote global trade and investment and reject protectionism; and build an inclusive, green and sustainable recovery for all. The OECD worked behind the scenes with G20 governments and other international organisations to help achieve this successful outcome and further our

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  • 30-April-2009

    English

    Structural policies to overcome geographic barriers and create prosperity in New Zealand

    New Zealand’s living standards remain well below the OECD average. This is entirely attributable to persistently low labour productivity, which in turn is related to economic geography as well as structural policy factors.

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  • 27-April-2009

    English

    Structural reforms and the benefits of the enlarged EU internal market: Much achieved and much to do

    High expectations surrounded the two waves of eastward EU enlargement in 2004 and 2007, with the extension of the EU Internal Market being expected to deliver a substantial boost to economic growth in new and old member States alike.

  • 27-April-2009

    English

    Ten years of product market reform in OECD countries – insights from a revised PMR indicator

    This paper describes patterns and developments of regulation that potentially affect product market competition in OECD countries over the past decade. It uses the 2008 update and revision of the OECD indicators of product market regulation (PMR).

  • 2-April-2009

    English, , 267kb

    Finance, competition and governance: Strategies to phase out emergency measures

    The OECD has been developing a response to the crisis that is holistic, looking atfinancial market issues, and the wide variety of factors that led to damaging incentive structures, as well as the requirements for broader macro and fiscal policies. The crisis has led to a variety of emergency financial measures such as loans, guarantees, and nationalisations. For financial markets, the focus is on exit strategies that are consistent

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