Competition

International Co-operation and Competition

 

International co-operation is key to increasing competition in a globalised world

Globalisation, the increasing significance of emerging economies, the borderless nature of the growing digital economy, and the proliferation of competition regimes have caused a significant increase in the complexity of cross-border competition law enforcement co-operation.

This results in a greater need to:

  • avoid inconsistencies and duplication of effort among governments enforcing their competition laws, 

  • help multinational businesses comply cost effectively with the competition regimes of multiple jurisdictions, and

  • urgently improve the techniques and tools of competition authority co-operation.

For 50 years, the OECD and its Competition Committee have taken a leading role in shaping the framework for international co-operation among competition enforcement agencies. Recommendations, best practices and policy roundtables have served not only as models and inspiration for national initiatives but have served as the primary drive for promoting co-operation on a global scale.

The OECD and its Competition Committee offer competition officials from developed and emerging economies a unique platform to monitor the state of international co-operation and to develop new solutions to increase its effectiveness.  This work benefits from the support of a professional secretariat and from the Organisation’s whole-of-government approach, taking advantage of expertise in other OECD committees and experience in international co-operation.

Key issues under consideration
  • What are the existing types of international co-operation?

  • What are the constraints on further co-operation?

  • What are possible new and different forms of co-operation among agencies to enhance co-operation? 

  • What is the OECD role to help governments to address the topic?

 

LATEST NEWS  
 
Paris, 16 September 2014

OECD Council adopts new Recommendation on International Co-operation in Competition

The 2014 Recommendation represents a cornerstone for the creation of an effective international co-operation system between competition enforcers and is a step forward in the fight against anti-competitive practices. Read more 

 

 

COMP_Naec-cover-en

 

Challenges of International Co-operation in Law Enforcement

This 2014 report presents evidence of the complexity of co-operation between competition agencies and the likely future challenges they will face to enforce competition law and co-operate effectively. Access the report 

 

OECD/ICN Survey on International Competition Enforcement Co-operation

This 2013 report presents the key findings from a joint survey by the OECD and the International Competition Network and suggests ideas for future work.
Access the report

 

If you have questions, comments or would like further information regarding the Competition divison's work on international co-operation, please contact Antonio.CAPOBIANCO@oecd.org.

The OECD project on international co-operation

International co-operation in competition enforcement is one of the OECD Competition Committee's primary strategic themes.

The 2014 report “Challenges of International Co-operation in Competition Law Enforcement”, produced within the framework of the OECD NAEC project, was the first attempt to gather empirical evidence on the need for closer co-operation between competition enforcers. This report provided an important backing to the negotiations of the 2014 Recommendation on International Co-operation on Competition Investigations and Proceedings which was approved by the OECD Council on 16 September 2014.

Continuing work on international co-operation will contribute to shaping new models for co-operation for the benefits of enforcers, businesses and consumers alike. Specifically by:

  • surveying activities and challenges regarding informal co-operation of Member and non-Member agencies with a view to identify the best practices at agency level
  • developing model bilateral or multilateral co-operation agreements which may include provisions for adoption by member countries allowing the exchange of confidential information between competition authorities, enhanced co-operation tools and instruments  

  • exploring new forms of co-operation that can help reduce the overall costs associated with investigations or proceedings by multiple competition authorities and avoid inconsistencies among Member countries’ enforcement actions

  • minimising inconsistencies in leniency programs of member countries that adversely affect co-operation  

 

 

Links and documents

Recommendations and best practices


OECD discussions

  Permanent URL: www.oecd.org/competition/internationalcooperation

 

 » Competition Home Page

Topics Key materials, Tools & Guidance Global Relations
Abuse of dominance & monopolisation International co-operation

Best practice roundtables

Calendar of activities

Competition assessment toolkit

Country reports & peer reviews

Fighting bid rigging in public procurement 

Recommendations

Reports by the Competition Committee

Reports by competition agencies

Work in progress

About global relations

Hungary centre

Korea centre

Global Forum on Competition

Latin American Competition Forum 

Cartels & anti-competitive agreements Liberalisation & intervention in regulated sectors
Enforcement practices Mergers
Evaluation of competition interventions     Pro-competitive policy reforms

 

 

 

Countries list

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China (People’s Republic of)
  • Chinese Taipei
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao (China)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia (Federated States of)
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestinian Administered Areas
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Virgin Islands (UK)
  • Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe