Good governance and integrity in public procurement are essential for efficient and effective management of public resources.
The OECD Principles on Enhancing Integrity in Public Procurement were developed to help governments prevent waste and corruption in this major risk area. They cover four elements of good governance: transparency; value for money; resistance to fraud and corruption; and accountability and control.
The Principles address risks to integrity in the entire public procurement cycle, from the needs assessment throughout the tendering until the contract management and payment. They can be helpful for any government willing to prevent corruption in public procurement.
Based on the OECD Recommendation on Enhancing Integrity in Public Procurement, this guidance addresses questions to governments and agencies interested in developing more transparent, efficient procurement systems.
1. Are public procurement rules and procedures designed in a way to ensure an adequate degree of transparency in order to promote fair and equitable treatment for potential suppliers while avoiding red tape?
2. Are there clear rules to guide the choice of a procurement method that optimises transparency? Are there mitigation measures in place to prevent risks to integrity, in particular for exceptions to competitive tendering?
3. Are mechanisms in place to ensure that needs are adequately estimated and public funds are used according to the purposes intended?
4. What measures are in place to ensure that procurement practitioners meet high professional standards of knowledge and that their skills are regularly updated?
5. What institutions and procedures are in place to protect procurement officials from undue influence and to foster a culture of integrity among officials?
6. What mechanisms are used to maintain high standards of integrity in the interactions with the private sector, notably in the selection process and the contract management?
7. Are internal control mechanisms used to track decisions and help identify potential corruption in public procurement and are sanctions applied in case of breach in a proportional and timely manner?
8. Have appropriate measures been implemented to reduce the risks of bid-rigging in public procurement and to facilitate the detection of bid-rigging in public procurement?
9. Has the government established a clear chain of responsibility defining the authority of approval together with effective control mechanisms?
10. Do governments handle complaints from potential suppliers in a fair and timely manner and what are the available recourse mechanisms for potential suppliers?
11. Are civil society organisations, media and the wider public empowered to scrutinise public procurement?
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