Development co-operation: building stronger country systems


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Full text of the guidance (pdf, 750KB)

Development co-operation can be an important contribution to the global fight against corruption. Donors can help developing country governments and other stakeholders address corruption through building stronger country systems and increasing transparency and accountability. Moreover, donors can ensure high standards of integrity and transparency within their own programmes and projects.

This work is important because the quality of governance is crucial for development outcomes. Corruption reduces developing countries’ ability to deliver basic services such as health and education, weakens democratic institutions and inclusive economic growth and undermines support for needed official development assistance (ODA) in donor countries. The corrosive effect that corruption has on society as a whole can also lead to instability and state fragility.


Priority checklist

These policy questions address all actors – donors and recipient countries – implied in the design and the implementation of development co-operation.

1. Is a shared government-donor vision for anti-corruption dialogue and action designed towards the implementation of international commitments, in particular the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC), in place?

2. Do donors use country systems (public financial management and procurement, for example) as the first option for aid programmes in support of activities managed by the public sector?

3. Do donors support knowledge gathering to assess, measure and report progress on anti-corruption efforts and lessons learned with the purpose of informing policy and operational action, drawing where possible on local capacity?

4. Are non-state actors (civil society, private sector, media) effectively supported to act as external monitors of anti corruption efforts and demand accountability?

5. Do donor countries actively support efforts to control the supply side of corruption including addressing bribery of foreign officials, money laundering and efforts to track, freeze and recover illegally acquired assets originating from developing countries held in OECD countries?

6. In cases where government commitment to fight corruption is low, have donors prepared coordinated and graduated responses to corruption scandals and to deteriorating governance?

7. Do donors have in place sufficient mechanisms to prevent and detect fraud and corruption in donor-financed projects and programmes in order to reduce the potential for the diversion of funds?

8. Are appropriate sanctions such as debarment to compete for aid funded contracts in place for companies and individuals involved in corrupt activities like bribery of foreign officials, bid rigging, etc.?

9. Do donors provide full and timely information on annual commitments and actual disbursements so that developing countries are in a position to accurately record all aid flows in their budget estimates and their accounting systems?


 Download the full text of the guidance (pdf, 750KB)



Paris Declaration and Accra Agenda for Action

Principles for Donor Action on Anti-Corruption

United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC)



Illicit Financial Flows from Developing Countries: Measuring OECD Responses

Policy Paper and Principles on Anti-Corruption: Setting an Agenda for Collective Action

World Bank Country Procurement Assessment Reports (CPAR)

Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) Framework

USAID anticorruption assessment handbook



Monitoring implementation of the Paris Declaration

DAC peer reviews of development co-operation




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