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Production processes have become global and markets more integrated as trade costs have fallen on the back of technological progress and trade and investment policy reforms. We can no longer base policy decisions on conventional trade statistics that report the gross value of products and services each time they cross borders. Instead, we need to measure how much and where value is added, said OECD Secretary-General in Beijing.
China and the OECD countries face increasingly similar challenges. We need to deepen our policy exchanges to share our expertise and accumulated experiences, to learn from one another, and to build cooperative solutions at the global level, said OECD Secretary-General.
Innovation is a central element of China’s reform agenda. Chinese innovations have benefited the world throughout history. Today, with the right policy mix, China could continue to inspire new scientific and technological advances, helping to revitalize the global economy.
While China's recent growth trajectory certainly has been notable, the country still faces a number of challenges to build a more inclusive economy as it attains higher levels of prosperity for its citizens, said OECD Secretary-General.
China is becoming an increasingly important player and we need more inclusive global governance so its contribution is crucial. The crisis offers a unique opportunity to build a stronger, cleaner and fairer global economy.
The future of the global economy can no longer be decided among a few developed nations. Emerging economies must be included in the equation. Their experiences, their knowledge, and their contribution are essential, said OECD Secretary General.
The single most important challenge China is facing is that of the shift from export-led growth to an economic and growth model driven by domestic consumption and a better quality of life for its citizens, according to OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.
The world economy continues to recover but there is still a considerable dispersion in performance across countries and regions. Dynamic economies, led by China and India, are expected to expand at over 7 percent in both 2011 and 2012. In contrast, OECD countries will expand by only 2.3 percent in 2011 and 2.8 percent in 2012.
In a speech given in Beijing, Angel Gurría recommended that China boost public spending on social infrastructure, including education, health, pensions and social assistance, in order to reduce inequalities, and suggested a more flexible exchange rate regime to avoid looming inflationary pressures.
China’s economy has outperformed all expectations, both over the long haul and, more recently, during the global Great Recession. But structural reforms are still needed in a number of areas such as increased social spending to improve living standards over the longer run, according to the OECD Secretary-General.