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China’s new leadership has signalled that it is time to step up the pace of reform, building on the remarkable economic and social achievements to date while recognising the pressing need for deep structural changes. Indeed, far-reaching reforms are necessary for continuing to raise living standards and well-being, even as China is poised to become the world’s largest economy by around 2016.
The fiscal and taxation reforms will be more than ever necessary in China to ensure that growth becomes more inclusive. So far, China has had a major success in reducing the poverty. But additional tax reforms will be needed to reduce further inequality in disposable income and across regions, as well as to help reduce the rural-urban divide.
The OECD and China are building a new partnership based on growing collaboration in key policy areas: from social inclusion to urbanisation; from education to green growth; from energy efficiency to corporate governance and taxes, said OECD Secretary-General.
China has made tremendous progress toward achieving inclusive growth, but major reforms are needed to ensure a fourth decade of rapidly converging living standards and a greener economy, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China.
China enjoys a more stable and balanced growth and is now definitely on course to become the world’s largest economy around 2016. But major reforms are still needed to ensure a fourth decade of rapidly converging living standards and a greener economy, said OECD Secretary-General.
Despite a glum global economic context China is set to continue to catch up fast, propelled by ongoing urbanisation. Environmental pressures are on the rise, however, and greening growth has become a top policy priority.
The Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, was in Beijing to attend the China Development Forum, to present the third OECD economic survey of China and to hold bilateral meetings with key representatives of China's authorities, business and academic world.
The main features of China’s current sub-national finance arrangements date back to the 1994 tax reform. China has a multi-level government structure that shares national tax revenues through a system of tax sharing and transfers, and divides spending assignments and responsibilities.
The charts show for each of the following countries and territories, and for the years 2009-2011: net ODA receipts, top ten donors of gross ODA, population and GNI per capita and bilateral ODA by sector.