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China has made crucial progress in the field of public expenditure management in the past ten years. This article reviews the reforms in budget formulation, approval, implementation and audit. Some weaknesses remain: for example, important decisions are still made outside of the budget process; and the highly decentralised fiscal system means that achievements at the national level have not been implemented at provincial and lower
The economic downturn has hit shipbuilding hard. New orders have contracted by up to 90% and cancellations have increased, which is likely to result in significant excess shipbuilding capacity. This outlook is unlikely to improve for some time.
Despite progress in recent years, there is growing evidence that OECD countries are not on track to reach some of their key environmental goals. This report examines the strategies and instruments that governments use to ensure compliance with pollution prevention and control regulations.
China’s coal, mined locally and available at a relatively low cost, has brought enormous benefits to energy consumers in China and to those outside the country who enjoy the products of its coal-based economy. Yet from another perspective, China’s coal use has a high cost. Despite progress, health and safety in the thousands of small coal mines lag far behind the standards achieved in China’s modern, large mines. Environmental
The creation of more and better jobs remains a key challenge all over the world, not least due to the increasing demand for jobs in many developing countries. This joint ELS/DEV seminar presents recent experiences from China, India and Brazil.
OECD Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs (ELS)and OECD Development Centre (DEV) Joint SeminarEmployment and Inequality Outcomes:New Evidence, Links and Policy Responses in Brazil, China and IndiaOECD Conference Centre, Paris, FranceWednesday, 8 April 2009
Country Notes from OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2011 presenting OECD recommendations for structural reform priorities for individual countries.
China should speed up investment in rural services and infrastructure and create jobs in non-agricultural sectors for returning migrants, according to a new OECD report. This will help offset the fast-rising impact of the economic slowdown on the rural economy.
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This is the executive summary and Chapter 1 of the report: Regulatory Reform in China: Defining the Boundary between the Market and the State, release 7 May 2009.
The theme for the 2009 China Development Forum is "China’s Development and Reform in the Global Financial Crisis".