› China (People’s Republic of) › By Topic › Regional, rural and urban development
Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.
Urbanisation in China has long been held back by various restrictions on land and internal migration but has taken off since the 1990s, as these impediments started to be gradually relaxed. People have moved in large numbers to richer cities, where productivity is higher and has increased further thanks to agglomeration effects.
Green Growth in Cities presents the OECD Green Cities Programme’s main findings and policy recommendations, and provides a preliminary approach to measuring green growth in cities
Skills and educational development for inclusive and sustainable growth are becoming significant drivers in OECD countries.
China should speed up investment in rural services and infrastructure and create jobs in non-agricultural sectors for returning migrants, according to a new OECD report. This will help offset the fast-rising impact of the economic slowdown on the rural economy.
Mr. Gurría presented in Beijing the first OECD Rural Policy Review of China whose topic is how to build a more diversified rural economy; how can China further stimulate economic activity and overall socioeconomic development in rural areas.