Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.
China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.
The single most important challenge China is facing is that of the shift from export-led growth to an economic and growth model driven by domestic consumption and a better quality of life for its citizens, according to OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.
In his speech delivered at the China Development Forum, Mr Gurria described the growing OECD collaboration with China, highlighting the benefits for China, the Organisation and for the world economy as a whole.
Governance is the next issue the People’s Republic of China needs to tackle. This report shows how governance impacts on public action by looking at different policy sectors, takes stock of the progress made in public management and public finance, and explores policy options for the future.
China needs to make wide-ranging changes in the way it runs its public and private sectors if it is to continue on a stable growth path leading to full integration into the world economy, according to a new report from the OECD.