Commodity prices surged in 2006-08 in Argentina, Brazil, China, Chile, India, Indonesia, Russia, South Africa, Ukraine and Vietnam. Government policy responses to these price surges were not always successful in minimising the impact on consumers and producers, this report finds.
Productivity growth has declined since the late 1990s, slowing the catching-up process. Structural reforms to strengthen competition, entrepreneurship and innovation would go a long way toward enhancing it.
Chile has made impressive progress in educational attainment. Yet, despite recent improvements, outcomes, as measured by PISA results, still need to catch up with OECD standards and equity problems should be addressed.
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The Millennium Declaration set 2015 as the target date for halving the number of people living in extreme poverty. This paper examines the role of the agricultural sector and looks at 25 developing countries who have posted extraordinary success in reducing extreme poverty.
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This analysis highlights, from a governmental and political perspective, the need to avoid fiscal deteriorations around elections in Latin America.
The paper describes Chile’s pension reform of 1980, which replaced the existing pay-as-you-go public pension programs by a new funded pension program managed by private companies (the “AFP´s”)...
This report aims to outline the main trends in income distribution and poverty in Chile, as well as the role of social policy in these areas.
This paper estimates unrestricted monetary reaction functions for four Latin American countries (Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Mexico) and tests for the presence of non linear effects in central bank behaviour.
OECD Trade Policy Working Paper No. 51. This paper presents improved approaches to measurement of services barriers by using alternative weighting methods and improved econometric specifications.
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This paper analyses the major determinants of change in the Chilean market for environmental goods and services, with a particular focus on water services and air pollution control.