English, PDF, 350kb
Despite achieving near universal health coverage with a basic benefit package that all health payers must provide, health financing in Chile remains inefficient and inequitable. There is room for improving the system by moving towards a unified, equitable social security system for the entire population.
Spanish, PDF, 304kb
En 2012, 52% de los estudiantes de Chile tuvo un bajo rendimiento en matemáticas (media OCDE: 23%), un 33% en lectura (media OCDE: 18%), un 34% en ciencias (media OCDE: 18%), y un 25% en las tres materias (media OCDE: 12%).
This case study presents the proposed reforms to political funding and election oversight in the Republic of Chile put forth by the administration of President Michelle Bachelet. It details the measures to increase public funding, ensure transparency in finances, and create effective sanctions for violations.
Backed by strong economic growth Chile has made substantial progress in improving the quality of life of its citizens. Nonetheless, gaps in living standards vis-à-vis other OECD countries remain large and there are strong differences in well-being across the Chilean population. The government has introduced important steps to strengthen redistribution and improve equality of opportunities, including ambitious tax, labour and education reforms. But there is room to further improve the design of many policies to promote inclusiveness. Moreover, to sustain progress in well-being, Chile also needs faster productivity growth which stagnated until recently. This requires policies that foster competition, improve human capital accumulation and increase the diversification of the economy that still relies heavily on commodity exports.
English, PDF, 106kb
The tax burden in Chile declined by 0.2 percentage points from 20.0% to 19.8% in 2014. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.2 percentage points from 34.2% to 34.4%.
The issue that concerns us is this: "How to achieve development and how to keep on growing?" These are questions that have kept us very busy at the OECD during our 54 years in existence. Our motto, "better policies for better lives", condenses that aspiration.
It is a real pleasure to join you today in discussing one of the most important initiatives of the OECD, the "New Approaches to Economic Challenges" (NAEC). We undertook this initiative in response to the crisis, with the purpose of doing some soul-searching, learning from the past, and updating our analytical frameworks in order to address the present and, above all, the future.
Aunque el largo período de expansión económica que ha atravesado Chile ha mejorado los niveles de vida y reducido drásticamente la pobreza entre su población, aún queda mucho por hacer para asegurar que el país esté en condiciones de adentrarse en una senda de crecimiento más sólido, inclusivo y sostenible, según el último Estudio Económico de la OCDE sobre Chile.
A long period of economic expansion in Chile has raised living standards and dramatically reduced poverty, but more needs to be done now to ensure that the country is in a position to move to a stronger, more inclusive and sustainable growth path, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Chile.
Being here to commemorate five years of Chile's membership is something that fills us with enthusiasm. Those five years have been very enriching – five years of sharing best practices and responses to the challenges of our day, five years of getting to know each other better and working side-by-side to improve opportunities and living standards for Chileans.