This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
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Chile has the lowest tax wedge among the 34 OECD member countries in 2015. The country occupied the same position in 2014. The average single worker in Chile faced a tax wedge of 7.0% in 2015 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%.
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The tax burden in Chile declined by 0.2 percentage points from 20.0% to 19.8% in 2014. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.2 percentage points from 34.2% to 34.4%.
In a boost for international efforts to strengthen co-operation against offshore tax evasion, seven new countries have joined the agreement to exchange information automatically under the OECD/G20 standard.
Tax revenues in Latin American countries continue to rise but are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries. Revenue Statistics in Latin America 2012 shows that Argentina and Brazil have the highest tax revenue to GDP ratio, while Guatemala and Dominican Republic stand at the lower end.
Chile is the eighth country in the region to sign this Convention, which shows that we have made progress, but there is still much ground to cover. We hope that this signing will attract the attention of other Latin American countries that want to be included in this important multilateral co-operation instrument.
OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Chile’s recent steps to strengthen international tax co-operation.
Tax revenues in Latin American countries are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries, but are rising slowly. Revenue Statistics in Latin America shows that the average tax revenue to GDP ratio in the 15 Latin American countries covered by the report increased from 19% in 2009 to 19.4% in 2010, after falling from a high point of 19.7% in 2008.
A new law on access to bank information will enable Chile to exchange banking information under existing tax treaties, thereby complying with the internationally agreed tax standard for exchange of information.
Latin America has a major role to play in building a new international financial and economic system, since it has accumulated substantial experience in managing financial crises and recovery programs, according to the OECD Secretary-General.