These country notes present the recent changes in migration policies as well as a table showing the most recent statistics on migration flows and on the results of the immigrants in the labour market.
La OCDE ha lanzado hoy la versión 3.0 de su pionero Índice para una Vida Mejor, una herramienta interactiva que permite a los usuarios medir y comparar sus vidas. Esta versión actualizada contiene las últimas estadísticas, informaciones nacionales y conclusiones de los usuarios. Por primera vez, está disponible también en español.
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This paper reviews road concession programmes in Chile, Colombia and Peru over the period 1993-2010 and analyses how their shortcomings have resulted in large extra fiscal costs. Weak State institutions, unclear legislation and deficient contract design have allowed for frequent and costly renegotiation of road concessions.
The OECD Urban Policy Review of Chile explores the structure and challenges of urban policy in Chile. It examines urban development frameworks and sector policies, and makes recommendations for revitalising Chile's urban governance architecture.
Governments are major issuers of debt instruments in the global financial market. This volume provides quantitative information on central government debt instruments for the 34 OECD member countries to meet the analytical requirements of users such as policy makers, debt management experts and market analysts. Statistics are presented according to a comprehensive standard framework to allow cross-country comparison. Country
Instead of resorting to trade measures such as export restrictions, Chile manages its minerals sector through a combination of balanced taxation, stable investment measures, good management of tax revenue, exchange rate policy and initiatives aimed at producing a multiplier effect of economy-wide development, according to this study.
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Chile has developed rapidly in the past two decades – it has become a strong economy, and a member of the OECD. Despite the global recession, the devastating earthquake and the tsunami, Chile is still one of the most successful economies in Latin America. The total GDP, as well as the GDP per capita, have been increasing; while income inequality and the percentage of poverty among the population have decreased.
Chile's OECD membership presents challenges both in the context of changing patterns of production and consumption, and in the framework of a more sustainable economy. Specifically, green growth emphasizes improving growth rates, particularly through greening existing industries, as well as through new eco-businesses.
En países latinoamericanos, la población crece a un ritmo mayor que el promedio mundial, lo cual intensifica el uso de la tierra y aumenta la urbanización. La región también es propensa a los impactos negativos del cambio climático y de los desastres naturales.
Tax revenues in Latin American countries are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries, but are rising slowly. Revenue Statistics in Latin America shows that the average tax revenue to GDP ratio in the 15 Latin American countries covered by the report increased from 19% in 2009 to 19.4% in 2010, after falling from a high point of 19.7% in 2008.