The following links were provided by the regulatory authorities of OECD member countries and provide information that is relevant to a respective country's management of risk to pollinators, how they evaluate the need for mitigation, which types of mitigation options (i.e. label and non-label) are in use, as well as any educational or training resources used to mitigate potential risk to insect pollinators (Since each website has been developed independently, content, format and degree of information between websites will vary).
Australia I Belgium I Canada I Germany I Ireland I Japan I Netherlands I Slovak Republic I Switzerland I United Kingdom I United States
- In Australia, the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) has the national responsibility for approving labels for pesticide products (https://portal.apvma.gov.au/pubcris) while the use of these products is controlled under Australian state and territory law.
- At present, the APVMA’s efforts on honey bee risk mitigation are in providing appropriate information, warnings and use instructions on product labels (with a focus on the neonicotinoid insecticides) and in considering the adequacy of current testing methods for examining the effects of crop protection products on bees. The web pages “Overview report on bee health and the use of neonicotinoids in Australia” and “Roadmap for insect pollinator risk assessment in Australia” include information on the work the APVMA is undertaking on this issue and on suggested pesticide label statements.
- In addition, Australian government departments and statutory authorities, as well as Australian states and territories have a large number of websites, documents and external links to educational information, non-label mitigation, laws and management tools aimed at managing pesticide risks to insect pollinators. For example, the following text lists several sites where such information can be found.
- The New South Wales Dept. of Primary Industries
Information on honey bees and non-label mitigation and on educational and training materials.
- The Victorian Dept. of Environment and Primary Industries
This page includes an information sheet on 'Living in harmony - pesticides and bees' and a link to an external Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC) website containing a honeybee pesticide poisoning risk management tool.
- The Western Australia Department of Agriculture and Food (WA DAF)
Type ‘bees’ into the search facility to find a range of documents related to honeybee issues in Western Australia.
The Department of Primary Industries and Regions, South Australia (PIRSA).
Type ‘bees’ into the search facility to find a range of documents related to honeybee issues in South Australia.
The Queensland Government Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (QLD DAF).
Type ‘bees’ into the search facility to find a range of documents related to honeybee issues in Queensland.
The Tasmanian Government Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment (DPIPWE).
Type ‘bees’ into the search facility to find a range of documents related to honeybee issues in Tasmania.
The Northern Territory Government Department of Primary Industry and Fisheries (NT DPIF).
Type ‘bees’ into the search facility to find a range of documents related to honeybee issues in the Northern Territory.
- A number of public/private partnerships currently exist in Australia to provide tools for industry use:
- The Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC) engages in research to improve apiary industries.
- Plant Health Australia (PHA) has developed “BeeAware”; a website to improve biosecurity, pollination and pesticide management.
- CropLife and the Australian Honey Bee Industry Council (AHBIC) provide “BeeConnected”; a website providing real time information on apiary locations to apiarists, farmers and spray contractors.
- An overview of the actions taken in Belgium to restrict the exposure of honey bees to plant protection products: Dutch, French
- The Health Canada Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) risk mitigation documents for pollinators, as well as other Health Canada pollinator documents: English, French
- The Pesticide Registration and Control Divisions of the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine provide general information on the risk assessment in relation to pollinators as part of the pesticide approval process at: http://www.pcs.agriculture.gov.ie/aboutus/whatareourresponsibilities/specialistareas/pollinators/
- Guidance notes on Integrated Pest Management, which include measures to protect pollinators from the impact of pesticides, are provided as part of Ireland’s implementation of the EU Sustainable Use of Pesticides Directive.
- The All-Ireland Pollinator Plan 2015-2010 includes measures to reduce the impact of pesticides on pollinators.
- Information and recommendations regarding the proper use of authorized plant protection products and symbols as a result of the national classification of these plant protection products based on the risk to honey bees can be found on the label of the individual products and in the List of Authorized Plant Protection Products in the Slovak Republic published on the website of the Central Controlling and Testing Institute in Agriculture, Bratislava (Registration authority for plant protection products in the Slovak Republic) (Slovak).
- The national classification of plant protection products is based on the conclusions of their risk assessment and recommendations of the experts - evaluators. The designated national authority for bee health and risk assessment of plant protection products to bees is the Institute of Apiculture, Liptovský Hrádok. In accordance with the national classification, provisions relating to the proper use of plant protection products with the goal to protect bees and other non-target organisms as well as water sources are set out in the national legislation (Regulation of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of the Slovak Republic No. 488/2011 Coll).
- The education materials (documents) for the education of professional users of plant protection products on risk mitigation measures regarding bees and other insect pollinators are not published on the Internet.
Information on use and labelling of products to manage risk can be found on the Chemicals Regulation Division (CRD) website: http://www.hse.gov.uk/pesticides.
This website is searchable and readily navigable from the home page. It addresses all pesticide related issues in the UK including those specifically related to bees and includes a comprehensive section on product labelling. It is frequently updated.
There are other publicly available websites which contain a wealth of information on issues related to bees and other pollinators.
The National Bee Unit (NBU) website is at www.nationalbeeunit.com
The NBU delivers the Bee Health Programmes on behalf of the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) and Welsh Government (WG) in England & Wales. It provides training and information for beekeepers, supports a nationwide system of bee inspectors, diagnostic capability and research. It also works within Defra’s Wildlife Incident Investigation Scheme (WIIS), which monitors the effects of pesticides on wildlife, pets and beneficial insects (such as honeybees and bumblebees).
- The British Beekeepers Association (BBKA) maintains a website at www.bbka.org.uk which provides information on bees, beekeeping and bee health
The BBKA is a non-governmental organization which provides information to beekeepers and the general public, training for beekeepers and supports research. It works to promote a healthy environment particularly for pollinators.
A web-based crop spray alerting system, BeeConnected (www.beeconnected.org.uk), linking farmers and beekeepers, is in place across the UK. Alerts from farmers tell beekeepers when spraying is happening up to a maximum of 5km from their hives, the crop being sprayed and the compound being applied. The beekeeper receives an email allowing them to take mitigating action such as moving their hives or shutting the bees in for a short while. This is a joint initiative of the BBKA, the National Farmers Union (NFU) and the Crop Protection Association (CPA).
- Information on pesticide labelling for the Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) which regulates pesticides in the United States.
- Information on actions that the US EPA is taking to protect pollinators, including advances in assessing and mitigating potential risk to insect pollinators.