Assessment of chemicals

Public availability of national/regional GHS classifications

 

OECD contributes to improving access to national/regional GHS classifications through eChemPortal, a globally accessible international repository for hazard data on existing chemicals launched in 2003. GHS classifications will continue to be added to eChemPortal as they become available.

 

Several OECD member countries and other organisations have made their GHS classifications public through the internet. The table below outlines the current status based on a survey performed in 2011.

 

Availability of GHS Classifications from OECD Countries and Other Organisations

 

 

Does your country or organisation classify and label chemicals according to GHS?

Are the results publicly available on the internet?

 

 

In eChemPortal?

Is the underlying dataset available to the public?

 

 

In eChemPortal?

Is a rationale available to the public?

 

 

 

 

In eChemPortal?

Comments

Countries/Regions

Australia

Yes

Australian Dangerous Goods List classified for physical hazards, acute toxicity and aquatic toxicity [~1200 substances]

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

From 2012, the Hazardous Substance Information System (HSIS) will classify according to GHS

Canada

No

 

No

No

No

 

European Union

Yes

Annex VI, Table 3.1 to European Commission CLP Regulation No. 1272/2008, also called the CLP list [~8000 substances] and its subsequent amendments (e.g., EC Regulation 709/2009).

Yes

LINK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

ESIS Database

 

No

Data available for some chemicals but not linked to the list.

 

In mid-2011, data will be available from REACH registration dossiers (EC Regulation 1907/2006).

LINK

 

 

 

 

No

Partially

From 2011, rationales are available on ECHA's website for all new or updated entries (LINK).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

From mid-2011, Annex VI. Table 3.1 (EC Reg 1272/2008) and notified classification and labelling by industry (from C & L notifications and REACH registration dossiers will be available on ECHA's public website).

 

Japan

Yes

For chemicals that require MSDSs under Japanese laws [~1500 substances]

Yes

LINK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

GHS-J Database

 

Partially

Toxicity value and citation for decision are available; full dataset not directly attached to decision; hazard data from other sources

 

Partially

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Korea

Yes

Yes

New chemical notifications at

LINK

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

Rules and guidance are comparable to EU; however, manufacturers may classify mixtures differently if a scientific rationale is available.

 

New Zealand

Yes

Consolidated list under the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996 [~5400 substances]

Yes

LINK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

HSNO CCID Database

 

Partially

Toxicity value and citation for decision are available; full dataset not directly attached to decision; hazard data from other sources.

 

Partially

 

Yes

Toxicity value, citation used for decision

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Norway

See European Union

 

 

 

 

 

United States

Yes

Goods in transport; certain hazard classes only.

 

Yes

49 CFR 172

LINK 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

OSHA proposed a rule in 2009 to align OSHA's Hazard Communication standard (HCS) with GHS (LINK); no information on final rule yet

International Organisations

International Maritime Organization [UN]

Yes

 

GESMAP Hazard Profiles in Annex II of MARPOL Convention with classification of hazards from liquids and gases to environment and human health

[~900 substances; those in highest volumes and most frequently transported]

 

Yes

BLG.1/Circ.29, Annex 6: LINK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

International Programme on Chemical Safety

Yes

International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSCs) regarding hazards in workplaces [~300 of 1600 ICSCs have been allocated GHS classifications to date]

Yes

LINK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

INCHEM Database

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

Based on publicly available data.

 

Details can be obtained at: CONTACT

International Programme on Chemicals Safety

Yes

Pesticides (acute toxicity hazard)

Yes

LINK

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

Yes

(LD50 values)

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

Yes
(LD50 values)

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

GHS Acute Toxicity Hazard Category presented in the publication alongside the WHO Recommended Classification

 

United Nations Secretariat

Yes

UN ECOSOC Sub-Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (TDG Sub-Committee); compatible with GHS but began in 1953; also considers human experience

[~1700 substances]

 

Yes

LINK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

Countries list

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  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
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  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Fiji
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  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
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  • Germany
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  • Guyana
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