Norway

 

Norway listed several long-chain PFASs on its national list of priority substances starting in 2003, based on monitoring data that showed high levels of these substances in the environment as well as their toxicological profiles. Norway’s approach to risk reduction has primarily been a combination of information dissemination and regulatory measures, administered by the Norwegian Environment Agency under the Ministry of Climate and Environment.

Regulatory measures on PFASs have been developed in communication with industry. All regulatory measures must be supported by risk assessments and cost-benefit analysis, which consider the availability of alternatives.

RISK REDUCTION APPROACHES FOR PFASs
 
Action Path taken BEPs Implemented Category of PFASss addressed Articles covered? Life cycle stage(s) addressed Method of approach Public- private partnership encouraged? Level of constraint

Monitoring and screening of PFASs in the environment

Link to monitoring studies Urban terrestrial environment, Urban fjord,

Link to Monitoring of environmental contaminants in air and precipitation, annual report 2013

Link to Contaminants in coastal waters of Norway 2013

Link to Lakes in Norway 2013

Link to Screening data contaminants in air and precipitation

Continuous monitoring Not relevant Varies from year to year No relevant Discharges from all life cycles are addressed Analysis No None

Discharge permits for waste treatment plants (WTP)

WTP must apply for permission to discharge selected PFASs   Under development  Primarily PFOS, PFOA, C9-C14 PFCA Not relevant  End of life- stage  Regulatory  No  WTP must screen and report levels of PFASs in their discharges, and must apply for permission for discharges

Monitoring and clean-up of PFAS polluted soil at airport fire drill

Link to Perfluorinated alkylated substances, brominated flame retardants and chlorinated paraffins in the Norwegian Environment - Screening 2013

Link to Screening of Polyfluorinated Organic Compounds at Four Fire Training Facilities in Norway

Airports must monitor levels of PFAS at their fire drill sites and propose measures to reduce pollution   Under development PFOS and other relevant PFASs from AFFF No  End use   Regulatory No   Airports must screen and report levels of PFASs in their soil, and must propose measures to reduce pollution
Follow-up of the PFOS regulation under the Stockholm Convention, with an aim to minimise exemptions  Continuous assessment of the necessity of exemptions from the PFOS ban in the Stockholm Convention Guidelines implemented for acceptable purpose applications under the Stockholm Convention   PFOS and PFOS related substances  Yes  All  Regulatory No  Fewer exemptions 
Ban on manufacture, production, import and retail of consumer products containing PFOA (as of June 2014) Ban Not relevant PFOA and some closely related substances Yes All, except waste Regulatory No Ban

Analysis of PFAS in products

Link to PFASs in fire fighting foam

Link to Survey, screening and analyses of PFCs in consumer products

Link to Monitoring of environmental contaminants in air and precipitation, annual report 2013

Link to footnote 34

Link to footnote 35

Compliance and monitoring  Minimisation of PFASs used   Compounds subject to national regulation and other PFAS  Yes Use in products  Enforcement, monitoring  No  Enforcement 
Listing of PFOS, PFOA and C9-C14 perfluorinated carboxylic acids on the national priority list  Political target to reduce the use and emissions of compounds ofn the priority list Minimisation of PFASs used  PFOS, PFOA and C9-C14
perfluorinated carboxylic acids
Yes All, including waste Policy No Political
                 

Regulatory measures include monitoring and clean-up of PFAS polluted soil at airport fire drill sites, waste treatment plant (WTP) discharge permits for select PFASs, analysis of PFAS in consumer products, and a national ban on the manufacture, production, import, and placing on the market of consumer products containing PFOA. To measure benefits associated with implementation, Norway performs a yearly analysis of the discharge, use, and levels found in the environment of its national priority substances.

Levels of PFASs are measured in consumer products as part of compliance checks of the Norwegian ban on those substances. However, as the ban relates to many different product groups with manufacturers all over the world, information collection and compliance checks have been challenging for Norway.

In terms of successes to date, levels of PFASs have generally shown a decreasing trend in environment and humans. However, a large proportion of the PFAS pollution in Norway is likely caused by long-range transport and it is therefore difficult to establish which specific actions are responsible for the decline. The Norwegian ban of PFOA in consumer products has prompted manufacturers to speed up the process of phasing out PFOA.

 

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