Germany addresses chemical risk management mainly through EU regulations; and is engaging in dialogues with stakeholders to exchange information and signal to industry concerns related to PFASs and to convey information to the public. These dialogues include the feasibility of alternatives. In addition, Germany developed threshold and guide values to limit the amount of PFCAs and PFSAs in drinking water and sludge and developed a background document Do without per-and polyfluorinated chemicals and prevent their discharge into the environment.
Germany and fire-fighting associations compiled a leaflet on PFCs in fire-fighting. These programmes have resulted in an increased awareness of the risks associated with certain PFASs by industry, NGOs and the public. In developing these approaches, challenges that Germany has encountered include the number of chemicals within the PFAS group, the multitude of uses of the substances, and the availability of data.
|COMPARISON OF RISK REDUCTION APPROACHES FOR PFASs ACROSS DELEGATIONS|
|Action||Path taken||BEPs Implemented||Category of PFASss addressed||Articles covered?||Life cycle stage(s) addressed||Method of approach||Public- private partnership encouraged?||Level of constraint|
Dialogue with stakeholders to exchange information and convey concern re PFASs, and provide information to public
|Increase awareness for industry and public||No information available||All PFASs||Yes||Whole life cycle||Dialogue||Yes?||None|
|Threshold and guide values for different media, e.g. drinking water and sludge||Manage exposure||Water management, off-gas and solid waste management||Perfluoroalkyl carboxylic and Sulfonic acids||No||Product use; Product disposal||Regulatory||No||
Water treatment measures
|NATIONAL RESOURCES ON ALTERNATIVES|
|Do without perfluorinated chemicals and prevent their discharge into the environment|