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EU has taken a regulatory approach to reduce risks to certain PFASs to “ensure a level playing field” in the EU market. Regulations to reduce PFOS, PFOA, and APFO have been developed in collaboration with advocacy groups, industry, and the research community. PFOS has been prohibited/restricted in its use, production, import, and export under EU Commission Regulation No 757/2010 of 24 August 2010 a regulation that complements provisions of international agreements on POPs.

In addition, PFOS is proposed to be included as priority hazardous substance in Directive (COM(2011)876) amending the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) and Directive on Environmental Quality Standards (Directive 2008/105/EC).

RISK REDUCTION APPROACHES FOR PFASs
 
Action Path taken BEPs Implemented Category of PFASss addressed Articles covered? Life cycle stage(s) addressed Method of approach Public- private partnership encouraged? Level of constraint

PFOA and APFO harmonised classification under Reg. (EC) No. 1272/2008 (2013); Classification, labelling, packaging of dangerous substances and mixtures

Manage the manufacture, sale, import and export Minimisation of PFASs used PFOA and APFO No Chemical manufacture, product (mixtures and articles) manufacture and use Regulatory No Reporting obligations for companies
PFOA and APFO covered by Annex XVII entries 28-30 of REACH; Ban on the placing on the market as substances, constituents of other substances or in mixtures for supply to the general public  Manage the manufacture, sale, import and export Minimisation of PFASs used   PFOA and APFO No   Mixtures for consumer use  Regulatory  No Reporting obligations for companies 
Proposal for restriction of PFOA, its salts and PFOA- related substances under REACH (2014) Manage the manufacture, sale, import and export  Minimisation of PFASs used  PFOA, its salts and PFOA- related substances   Yes Chemical manufacture, product (mixtures and articles) manufacture and use   Regulatory No  Reporting obligations for companies 

Several PFASs listed on draft Community Rolling Action Plant (CoRAP) for substance evaluation withing the next years

Link to CoRAP list of substances

Evaluation   No information available  Several (especially alternatives to PFOA- and PFOA- related substances)  Will be considered in exposure assessment Whole life cycle   Assessment  No  None

PFOA/APFO and C11-C14 PFCAs are listed as substances of very high concern (SVHC) under the EU Chemicals Regulation REACH, which requires registration, notification, and duty to communicate on articles that contain these PFASs with the ultimate aim to substitute the substances completely. PFOA and AFPO are also required to be classified, labelled, and packaged under regulation EC No 1272/2008 and there is a ban on placing these chemicals on the market as substances, constituents of other substances, or in mixtures for supply to the general public.

A comparable classification and labelling is proposed for PFNA, and PFDA by Sweden. Additionally, PFOA, its salts and related substances have been proposed to be restricted under REACH. Legislative proposals in the EU are subject to risk and socio-economic analysis by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) and alternatives are considered by ECHA in the decision making process.

NATIONAL RESOURCES ON ALTERNATIVES
 

Surface treatment of metals and plastic 

 

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