Denmark

 

DenmarkDenmark addresses certain PFASs through EU regulations. In addition the Danish Environmental Protection Agency included PFOA and PFOS compounds in The List of Undesirable Substances (last updated in 2009) to encourage industry phase out.

The Danish Environmental Protection Agency also has recently requested an evaluation of health hazards by exposure to the perfluoroalkylated substances, PFOA, PFOS and PFOSA. Additional PFAS substances have furthermore been selected for a preliminary screening in relation to toxicity in order to assess the possibilities for derivation of specific quality criteria for the substances (report available).

RISK REDUCTION APPROACHES FOR PFASs
 
Action Path taken BEPs Implemented Category of PFASss addressed Articles covered? Life cycle stage(s) addressed Method of approach Public- private partnership encouraged? Level of constraint


Included in list of undesirable substances

Encourage industry phase out Minimisation of PFASs used PFOA and PFOS compounds No Chemical manufacture Voluntary No None

Monitoring and screening of PFASs in the environment

Link to survey

Link to criteria for 12 PFASs in soil, ground and drinking water

PFOS and its salts are subject to the export restriction under the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law

Continuous monitoring     PFBS, PFHxS, PFOS, PFOSA, 6:2 FTS, PFBA, PFPeA, PFHxA, PFHpA, PFOA, PFNA, PFDA   Discharges from all life cycles are addressed  Monitoring  No  Criteria set with a limit of 0,1 μg/l for drinking and ground water. 0,4 mg/kg TS in soil

On the basis of this evaluation, limit values for 12 PFAS substances have been set in soil (0,4 mg/kg TS), drinking water and ground water (0,1 μg/l) leading to activities linked to monitoring and screening of PFASs. 

A survey of the effects of short chained PFASs on health and environment has also been requested by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency as well as a report on fluor-free alternatives to PFAS in textiles. A report on exposure and migration of PFAS from textiles for children’s wear is in press. These reports will be used in the further work on risk reduction approaches for this group of substances.

NATIONAL RESOURCES ON ALTERNATIVES
 
Mist suppression with non-PFOS (perfluorooctane sulfonate) surfactants for hard chrome plating

Potentially environmentally sounder alternatives to PFOS compounds and PFOA

Short-chain Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS)

Alternatives to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoro-alkyl substances (PFAS) in textiles

 

 

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