Agricultural pesticides and biocides

Biological Pesticides

 

OECD Work on Biological Pesticides
Biopesticides Steering Group Seminar Series
Biopesticides Workshops
Publications on Biological Pesticides

 

OECD Work on Biological Pesticides

The OECD Project on Biological Pesticides (or BioPesticides that include microbials - bacteria, algae, protozoa viruses, fungi -, pheromones and semiochemicals, macrobials/invertebrates such as insects and nematodes, and plant extracts/botanicals) was initiated in 1999 to help OECD member countries harmonise the methods and approaches used to assess biological pesticides.

This OECD Project helps governments work together to assess pesticide risks to man and the environment. The assessment of risks is important because it provides the basis for governments' decisions whether to approve, or "register," new biological pesticides and whether to renew the registration of old ones. By working together, governments can evaluate a biological pesticide's risks more quickly and thoroughly. This speeds up the process of approving safer new pesticides and stopping use of riskier ones.

Initially, the Project focused on two main tasks:

Then the OECD decided to concentrate its efforts on science issues that remain as barriers to harmonisation and work-sharing. The following papers were prepared:

    • Working Document on the Evaluation of Microbials for Pest Control (Series on Pesticides No. 43, 2008): this document is essentially a set of examples/case studies aimed at helping the regulatory authorities to deal with these issues in the assessment of (microbial) biopesticides. This document includes chapters on:
        • Taxonomic identification of micro organisms in MPCP
        • Genetic toxicity assessment of microbial  pesticides
        • Exposure (operators, bystanders, consumers)
        • Microbial metabolite residues in food
        • Efficacy evaluation of microbials
    • Issue Paper on Microbial Contaminant Limits for Microbial Pest Control Products (Series on Pesticides No. 65, 2011);
    • Guidance to the Environmental Safety Evaluation of Microbial Biocontrol Agents (Series on Pesticides No. 67, 2012).


The OECD has achieved a lot of progress towards harmonisation and work sharing through the development of the above-mentioned formats, guidance and working documents, and organization of Seminars and Workshops as mentioned below. The OECD will continue to facilitate the evaluation and assessment of biopesticides and promote harmonisation and work sharing for the next period from 2013-2016.


For 2013-2016, the OECD will continue working on biological pesticides, with the following objectives:

    • Developing guidance on botanicals/plant extracts;
    • Developing guidance on Trichoderma spp.;
    • Developing guidance on 'equivalence check' for different sources;
    • Preparing checklist for pre-submission meetings;
    • Continuing the development of "issue papers" on:
        • storage stability;
        • pheromones.
    • Reviewing the regulatory status of invertebrates used for pest control;
    • Making an inventory of available test methods and develop a guidance regarding the use of existing OECD Test Guidelines for microbials.

 

Biopesticides Steering Group Seminar Series

Since 2009, the OECD has organised a Seminar series in order to focus on key issues in biological pesticides of concern to OECD governments and other stakeholders. The Seminars are intended to provide an opportunity for discussion, learning and information sharing.  To date, Seminars on the following topics have been organised.

# Date/Location Event Title Related Documents
5

March 2014, 

Paris

5th OECD BioPesticides Steering Group Seminar on Application Techniques for Microbial Pest Control Products and Semiochemicals: Use Scenarios and Associated Risks forthcoming 
 4 June 2012,
Paris
4th OECD BioPesticides Steering Group Seminar on Trichoderma spp. for the use in Plant Protection Products: similarities and differences Series on Pesticides No. 74
Main Report
PPTs
 3 March 2011,
Paris
3rd OECD BioPesticides Steering Group Seminar on Characterisation and Analyses of Botanicals for the Use in Plant Protection Products

Series on Pesticides No. 72
Main report
PPTs

 2

May 2010,
Paris

2nd OECD Biopesticides Steering Group Seminar on the Fate in the Environment of Microbial Control Agents and their Effects on Nontarget Organisms Series on Pesticides No. 64
Main report
PPTs
 1 July 2009,
Paris
1st OECD Biopesticides Steering Group Seminar on Identity and Characterisation of Micro-Organisms Series on Pesticides No. 53
Main report
PPTs

 

Biopesticides Workshops

    • OECD/KemI/EU Workshop on Microbial Pesticides: Assessment and Management of Risks, 17-19 June 2013, Saltsjöbaden, Sweden. (OECD Series on Pesticides No.76, 2014) (PPTs: Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3)

    • Workshop on the Regulation of Biopesticides: Registration and Communication Issues; 15-17 April 2008, EPA, Arlington, USA. (OECD Series on Pesticides No. 44, 2009): The objectives of the workshop were:
        • to collect input to resolve science issues;
        • to improve communication and information exchange.

    • Microbiological Plant Protection Products – Workshop on the Scientific Basis for Risk Assessment; 26-28 October 1998, Stockholm, Sweden (Workshop proceedings)


Publications on Biological Pesticides


For more information, contact: sylvie.poret@oecd.org

 

 

 

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