Regulatory Aspects and Registration Policies

 

OECD countries have implemented high standards for the registration of pesticides. National registration policies concerning pesticide risk reduction and bio-pesticides contribute and ensure a framework for IPM adoption. The following key information is about regulatory approaches and policies and provides access to regulatory websites of a number of OECD countries.

 

 

Risk Reduction

 

 Pesticide Re-Evaluation and De-Registration

 

Bio-Pesticides
 

 

       
OECD countries have implemented high standards for the registration of pesticides to contribute to risk reduction and to reduce the risks for the environment and human health arising from pesticide use.  IPM is a crucial element for risk reduction. Regulatory aspects and registration policies beneficial to IPM are listed below by country.
  During the late ‘90s many governments decided to initiate the re-evaluation process of the existing pesticides (i.e. already on the market). This process has had a key role in driving IPM adoption as a series of products were phased out. Growers started to look for alternatives to replace the lost tools and became aware that IPM can help achieve an efficient production  
Biological pesticides are one element in the suite of tools available for pest and disease control in integrated and organic production systems. Biocontrol methods and agents offer valuable solutions for alternative pest and disease control in many crops. The links provided by countries below contain information about bio-pesticide registration with main focus on policies promoting use of bio-control in IPM systems.
   Read more    Read more

 

CANADA

Health Canada’s Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) is responsible for pesticide regulation in Canada. Created in 1995, this branch of Health Canada consolidates the resources and responsibilities for pest management regulation. Pesticides are stringently regulated in Canada to ensure they pose minimal risk to human health and the environment. Under authority of the Pest Control Products Act (PCPA), and the Pest Control Products Regulations, Health Canada:

  • registers pesticides after a stringent, science-based evaluation that ensures any risks are acceptable;
  • re-evaluates the pesticides currently on the market on a 15-year cycle to ensure the products meet current scientific standards; and
  • promotes sustainable pest management.

In 2006, the Pest Control Products Act came into force in Canada. It is these laws that outline the responsibilities of the PMRA with respect to pesticide regulations. 

http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/P-9.01/index.html (Act)

http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-2006-124/index.html (Regulations)

 

There are currently no national laws or regulations in place governing how IPM must be considered when registering, selling or using a pesticide.