Regional development

Multi-level Governance, Public Investment and Subnational Finance


At the OECD, we help governments design adaptive multi-level governance systems and innovative finance tools, to foster partnerships and ensure more effective investment outcomes, including to meet climate objectives in regions and cities.













We collect and analyse data on subnational government structure and finance to support evidence-based policy-making.


We carry out a wide range of studies - from multi-level governance and decentralisation, to subnational public finance and climate-related investment in regions and cities.


We cover OECD Member countries and beyond, at the national and subnational levels.

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The Tenth Session of the World Urban Forum

The World Observatory on Subnational Government Finance and Investment at the 10th Session of the World Urban Forum (WUF)

Date: February 11, 2020
Time: 09:00 – 10:00 (CET)

Location: Abu Dhabi Exhibition Center, Room B, Voices from Cities


A session will be organised on the World Observatory on Subnational Government Finance and Investment to present the key findings of the Observatory's 2019 Report and highlight the relevance of this instrument to inform international dialogue, public debate and decision making at all levels to make fiscal decentralisation work in support of the implementation of the Sustainble Development Goals (SDGs) and the New Urban Agenda.


Rudiger Ahrend, Head of Economic Analysis, Statistics and Multi-level Governance, OECD

Christel Alvergne, Regional Coordinator West and Central Africa, UNCDF

Frédéric Audras, Head of Division, Urban Development, Planning and Housing, AFD


Serge Allou, Special Advisor, Local Finance, UCLG


More details on the SNG-WOFI at World Urban Forum


Check out the World Urban Forum



30 January, 2020                Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Seminar: Financing of development at regional and local level

20 December, 2019             Agadir, Morocco
Session on “Regional competences: an issue at the heart of the process of advanced regionalisation”

3 December, 2019               Kiev, Ukraine
Workshop on Supporting Decentralisation in Ukraine: Ten Guidelines for Effective Decentralisation

27 November, 2019             Cardiff, United Kingdom 
Seminar "Enhancing Institutional Capacity for Regional Governance and Investment in Wales"

29-30 October, 2019           Paris, France
Session on “Financing Sustainable Cities” at the 6th OECD Forum on Green Finance and Investment

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Enhancing subnational climate and environment-related public finance

Access the subnational climate finace page

Report: Financing climate objectives in cities and regions to deliver sustainable and inclusive growth

Upcoming project: Tracking and enhancing subnational climate-related finance for climate action


Making Decentralisation Work: A Handbook for Policy-Makers

The report identifies 10 guidelines for more effective decentralisation to support regional and local development. The report proposes concrete tools for policy-makers, including detailed sets of recommendations, checklists, pitfalls to avoid and examples of good practices, both in unitary and federal countries.

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OECD-UCLG World Observatory on Subnational Government Finance and Investment Initiative

Covering over 120 countries, the SNG-WOFI initiative is the world’s leading source of internationally comparable data and analysis on subnational government structure and finance.

Access the SNG-WOFI website

Implementing the OECD Recommendation on Effective Public Investment across Levels of Government

12 Principles to promote more effective public investment and a Toolkit with insight on good practices in OECD countries and beyond.

Access out the Toolkit

Access the implementation brochure

Access the Recommendation



Strengthening Governance of EU Funds under Cohesion Policy Financing Climate Objectives in Cities and Regions to Deliver Sustainable and Inclusive Growth


Making Decentralisation Work: A Handbook for Policy-Makers


Rethinking Regional Development Policy-Making


Multi-Level Governance Reforms

Maintaining the Momentum of Decentralisation in Ukraine Subnational
in OECD Countries:
Key Data (2018)
Cover of report: Strengthening Governance of EU Funds under Cohesion Policy        

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