LAND USE MATTERS
Land use is a key policy area that can further economic, environmental and social goals.
Land use has consequences for public health as it influences air quality and pollution.
Land and buildings account for the most important share of wealth in the OECD (86% of the total capital stock).
POLICIES INFLUENCE LAND USE
Land use planning and regulation restricts how land can be used.
Tax policies can provide incentives to guide land use by encouraging compact development and prevent urban sprawl.
National governments should decide on incentives when designing their fiscal and land use planning systems.
Misguided incentives can cause local governments to pursue planning policies that raise housing costs and suburban sprawl.
MORE FLEXIBLE APPROACHES TO PLANNING ARE NEEDED
More flexible planning laws can help transform land areas towards more efficient and innovative uses.
Restrictive land use regulations can be a major cause property bubbles.
Land use regulations should ensure that housing construction can keep pace with population growth.
land use regulations should encourage increased density, especially in low-density areas close city centres as well as along public transport corridors.
Urban growth boundaries should be adjusted in response to growing populations.
If housing is built on greenfield sites, it should be compact and transport oriented.
Housing, transportation, energy, water, agriculture, tourism, and economic development—all of these sectors have demands on land and affect how it is used.
This presents a complex governance challenge between sectors, but also across levels of government since many sectoral issues are divided between national, regional and local governments.
In order to develop effective policies to improve the governance of land use, the OECD has embarked on a research project involving large-scale data collection along with in-depth case studies.
THE GOVERNANCE OF LAND USE IN OECD COUNTRIES
This synthesis report argues that better land use governance requires the use of a broader set of public policies to influence land use. View
policy highlights ( PDF)
LAND-USE PLANNING SYSTEMS IN THE OECD
This report provides an overview of spatial and land-use planning systems across the OECD through country fact sheets that focus on formal aspects of planning systems, as they are defined by laws and regulations.
GOVERNANCE OF LAND USE IN POLAND
This case study of the governance of land use in Lodz illustrates many promising practices and offers guidance on coherent planning systems.
THE GOVERNANCE OF LAND USE IN FRANCE
The case studies of Clermont-Ferrand and Nantes Saint-Nazaire highlight the trends and challenges faced in each region and the unique approaches that have been adopted to manage land-use issues across a large number of communes.
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EN | FR
THE GOVERNANCE OF LAND USE IN THE NETHERLANDS
This study examines the social, economic and environmental conditions affecting the area of Amsterdam’s spatial development as well as the plans, policies and institutions that govern how land is used there. View
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EN | NL
The Governance of Land Use in the Czech Republic: The Case of Prague
Spatial Planning and Policy in Israel