|Foreword and Acknowledgements|
|Acronyms and abbreviations|
|The compact city concept in today's urban contexts|
|How can compact city policies contribute to urban sustainability and green growth?|
|Measuring the performance of a compact city|
|Current compact city practices in OECD countries|
|Key compact city policy strategies|
|Key compact city governance strategies|
|Compact city policies|
key policy issues
Compact cities lessen the impact on the environment, with shorter intra-urban distances and less automobile dependency. They play a part in the economy by increasing the efficiency of infrastructure investment and by giving residents easier access to services, jobs, and social networking.
Two types of indicators are used to measure compact city policy outcomes: those that represent "compactness" (density, proximity, public transport systems and accessibility to local services and jobs), and those that measure a compact city's performance in relation to other cities.
This report examines differences in policy practice in five case study areas, and underscores the need for tailoring policies to specific needs. For example, fast-growing regions where there is pressure for development, regulatory tools are important to prevent uncontrolled urban expansion.
Recommendations for compact city policy strategies: set explicit compact city goals; encourage dense and contiguous development at urban fringes; retrofit existing built-up areas; enhance diversity and quality of life in urban centres; minimise adverse negative effects.