LEED Programme (Local Economic and Employment Development)

Routes out of the Crisis – New Strategies for Skills and Employment: videos

 

Capacity building seminar for local development practitioners on
"Routes out of the Crisis – New Strategies for Skills and Employment"

Trento, Italy, 10-12 June 2009

 

SEMINAR PRESENTATION

by Ekaterina Travkina, OECD LEED Programme

 

VIDEO INTERVIEWS

Short VIDEO INTERVIEWS (3 minutes maximum) present an OECD assessment of the impact of the crisis on the labour market and offer an overview of various policy responses implemented by different localities.

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BUILDING MORE AND BETTER JOBS IN THE RECOVERY

The OECD LEED response to the crisis

by Sylvain Giguère, Head of the LEED Division, OECD

Abstract: In their response to the crisis, countries and localities should not just focus on preserving local jobs, but also on raising productivity and creating better quality, more sustainable jobs for the future. Policy makers need to work with businesses to support new innovation and the better utilisation of technology and skills in the workforce. But to make progress in this complex policy agenda, we need flexibility in policy management, sufficient labour market intelligence, capacities, partnerships, leadership and civic entrepreneurship.

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LOCAL RESPONSES TO THE CRISIS IN THE OECD

 

Understanding the context: the impact of the crisis on jobs and skills

by Francesca Froy, Policy Analyst, OECD LEED Programme

Abstract: How have governments been responding to the global economic downturn at the local level? This presentation explores a number of different responses in OECD countries including: ‘bridging’ measures to help companies survive and local people to remain attached to the labour market, and ‘adjustment’ measures to hasten the recovery of local areas through investment in future growth. Those localities that provide short term support while also having an eye to global trends such as climate change, technological innovation and the ageing population appear to be the best positioned for economic recovery.

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THEMATIC DISCUSSION 1: INVESTING IN “WINNERS” V.S. REDUCING REDUNDANCIES

 

  ITALY - Supporting innovation to prepare the recovery

by Federico Montelli, Director, FORMAPER, Milan Chamber of Commerce, Italy

Abstract: The two main measures that the national government has taken to address the crisis in Italy have been (i) helping banks to come out of the credit crunch and (ii) supporting employment. But in the Lombardy region, at the local level, much more of a focus has been given to supporting new innovation and raising productivity as a route towards future growth. Is this division of work between the State and local levels successful? Hear about the Italian situation…

 

  UNITED KINGDOM - Skillsafe, locking in support for apprentices during the recession

by Colin Woods, Department for Employment and Learning, Deputy Principal Officer, Northern Ireland, UK

Abstract: Northern Ireland currently has over 10,000 apprentices across all sectors. Apprentices are a vital part of the skills pipeline which has to be maintained in the context of the economic recovery. However, as apprentices are less knowledgeable and less productive than other workers, they are also an easy target for cuts. The new Skillsafe Project, lunched on 8th June 2009, will intervene when an apprentice is placed on short time working as a result of the recession and will fill the down time with training and pay them a training allowance to offset the loss of earnings. Listen to the chosen strategy…

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THEMATIC DISCUSSION 2: ARE “GREEN” JOBS REALLY AN ANSWER? 

 

  UNITED STATES - Michigan’s strategy for economic transformation

by Marcia S. Black-Watson, Deputy Director – Employers, Bureau of Workforce Transformation, Department of Energy Labor & Economic Growth, Michigan, U.S.

Abstract: For the last three years the registered unemployment rate in Michigan has been above average, reflecting the reliance of the State on automobile production and other manufacturing industries, which have been undergoing structural adjustment in the context of the knowledge based economy. This has been exacerbated by the current economic downturn. How is Michigan addressing the problem? From the employer prospective they are concentrating on supplier diversification. From the worker prospective they have launched a No Worker Left Behind Programme to enable workers to acquire the skills necessary for a 21st Century economy. Listen to what they have already achieved…

 

  UNITED STATES - Northeast Wisconsin: the New North's Story

by Paul Linzmeyer, Chairman of Ecolution Inc., Chairperson of the Wisconsin Council on Workforce Investment, and the Green Bay Area Chamber of Commerce Diversity Committee, U.S.

Abstract: The New North is an economic development group which represents a strong collaboration between the 18 counties in Northeast Wisconsin. The counties have come together behind the common goals of job growth and economic viability for the region. Ten years ago consultation began with many various stakeholders from the region in order to gain a shared vision of their future in terms of economic, environmental and social capital. So, when the crisis hit, they already had different systems in place to enable them to lessen the impact of the crisis. Listen to their experience...

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THEMATIC DISCUSSION 3: TARGETING THE DISADVANTAGED VS SUPPORTING THE EASY-TO- REACH

 

  UNITED KINGDOM - Improving skills and employment in London

by Stephen Evans, Director of Skills and Youth, London Development Agency, UK

Abstract: London entered recession last year with high ‘structural’ worklessness. 1,500.000 of Londoners are already out of work, many of them from disadvantaged groups and many of them with multiple barriers to work, which means that they have been out of work for a considerable period of time. The challenge is to help those who are now losing their jobs to find new work (preventing today’s short-term unemployment becoming tomorrow’s long-term worklessness) while also providing support to the long-term workless (so that we do not produce a ‘lost generation’). In London, key agencies are now working together to address these challenges on the London Skills and Employment Board. Hear about their approach…

 

  RUSSIAN FEDERATION – Retaining and creating jobs in the times of crisis: Kirov region experience

by Maria Gaidar, Acting Deputy Governor, Kirov Region, Russian Federation

Abstract: When the economic downturn began, the Russian economy started to suffer and a quick and effective response was perceived as necessary at national level. A federal designed programme involving all regions was put in place on the assumption that the effects of the crisis were mainly temporary, with no structural changes needed in the labour market. The focus was on training and educational programmes for those still in employment, to support retention and prevent unemployment. Help was also introduced for new entrepreneurs. Learn more about other measures implemented by the Kirov Region…

 

VIDEO SUMMARIES OF SEMINAR LECTURES

Short VIDEO SUMMARIES (5 minutes maximum) summarise the key concepts of the issues addressed in the seminar. 

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LECTURE 1: LOCAL DATA AND STRATEGIES

 

REBUILDING DISTRESSED AREAS: PROBLEM DIAGNOSIS AND TRACKING

by Randall W. Eberts, President, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, US

Topic: The strategic planning process should be seen as an on-going effort to understand the dynamics of the local labor market, to provide an early warning system of problems and opportunities developing in the region, to initiate action to respond to the identified issues, and to gauge how the region fits into a constantly changing world in which it competes. It is a process that continually updates the knowledge and reconnaissance  of the region and leads to initiatives that improves its competitive position in the global economy.  The process begins and ends with a system of indicators that are well-grounded in a sound understanding of the workings of its regional economy and that are periodically updated as the region changes.

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LECTURE 2: ADAPTING LABOUR MARKET POLICY TO SUPPORT PEOPLE AND BUSINESS

 

LABOUR MARKET POLICY TO SUPPORT PEOPLE AND BUSINESSES

by Jenny Ross, Manager, Ingeus Centre for Policy and Research, UK

Topic: By using examples from Ingeus experience of supporting people into sustainable work in the UK, France, Germany and Sweden the presentation examines how active labour market policies can support more people into employment. Active labour market policies can respond to the needs of individuals and employers by ensuring that at each stage of the employment programme design and delivery the focus is on ensuring sustainable employment and complementary and coordinated service provision. The presentation also looks at how labour market supply and demand can be better harmonised highlighting examples of emerging good practice in the UK.

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LECTURE 3: LOCAL RECOVERY, FROM PROJECTS TO STRATEGIES

 

BREAKING OUT OF SILOS: POLICY ALIGNMENT IN A TIME OF CRISIS

by Francesca Froy, Policy Analyst, OECD LEED Programme

Topic: Governments intervene in a myriad of ways at the local level, but rarely are these interventions coordinated effectively.  In the context of the recent recession, policy silos and fragmented short-term delivery have become luxuries that our economies can no longer afford.  This presentation outlines the factors which can boost local policy integration, drawing from a study of 11 OECD countries. Flexibility in management is particularly important – when local agencies are managed rigidly by central government they can do little to adapt their programmes and services to priorities agreed in partnership.

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LECTURE 4: SUPPORTING SMES

 

IMPACT OF THE CRISIS ON LOCAL BUSINESSES: SME FINANCE AND RESPONSES

by Cristina Martinez Fernandez, Policy Analyst, OECD LEED Programme

Topic: The impact of the global economic crisis has been hard on local businesses. Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are key to local employment and economic activity. Indeed in EU-25 there are 23 million SMEs accounting for 66% of employment, and in some industry sectors, such as tourism, the number of enterprises can account up to 99.9% of enterprises. Despite their key role in the economy, SMEs participate up to 50% less in training programs than big firms with significant access gap for older, less educated and vulnerable workers. Supporting SMEs participation in training and skills development programs is therefore a priority for the competitiveness and innovation of the sector.

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LECTURE 5: COMMISSION INITIATES NEW STRATEGY TO TACKLE THE EMPLOYMENT IMPACT OF THE CRISIS

 

‘A SHARED COMMITMENT FOR EMPLOYMENT’

by Robert Strauss, Head of Unit, DG Employment, Social Affairs & Equal Opportunities, European Commission and Chair, OECD LEED Forum on Partnerships and Local Governance

Topic: In response to the economic crisis, the European Commission has proposed a set of guidelines entitled ‘A Shared Commitment for Employment’ which are addressed at both the member states and the social partners. The EU will accelerate €19 billion of planned European Social Fund expenditure to support people hit by the economic crisis. The ten guidelines include the development of new apprenticeship places and recommendations on training to be made available to the unemployed. Learn more about these actions…

 

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