Fostering jobs and skills
The difficulty to generate sufficient levels of quality employment raise issues for the innovative capacity of our economies, the ability of our education and training systems to provide the skills that are needed and the fragmented way in which economic and skills development is designed and implemented.
Local job creation: How labour market policies can help. This project assesses the contribution of labour market policy to boosting quality employment and enhancing productivity by better matching skills supply to demand, improving training provision and addressing skills gaps but also improving skills utilisation by firms. It involves a series of country reviews. Each review examines the capacity of employment services and training providers to contribute to a long-term strategy which can yield returns in terms of resilience of the local economy, skills levels and job quality. Read more
Injecting local flexibility in education and training systems. The purpose of this analysis is to assess how local flexibility can be injected into national adult education and training systems, while preserving accountability; and to better understand how to create an enabling policy environment for the development of effective local skills strategies. Read more
Skills for greener jobs. This study will analyse how selected local areas/industry clusters identify the specific skills needed to support green growth and how related skills policies and practices can be made more effective in supporting their provision and accelerating transition to a low-carbon economy. Read more
Building statistical evidence to understand local labour market differentiation and support more effective policies. The main objective of this project is to gather evidence on local labour markets, in particular on skills supply and demand, employment and productivity. In addition, this project will analyse strengths and weaknesses in the disaggregation of data in interested countries, while assessing how the evidence base can better drive policy implementation which is adapted to the needs of different local labour markets. Read more
Building an inclusive labour market
The effective utilisation of mechanisms in the policy implementation framework is key to the success of national policies to fight social exclusion and integrate the disadvantaged in the labour market.
Tackling disadvantage at a time of limited resources. This project will investigate and identify state-of-the-art approaches to tackling disadvantage through multi-stakeholder and multi-level governance approaches which recognise the short- and longer-term drivers of disadvantage, and which innovatively use financial resources in a time of austerity. Read more
Promoting sustainable long term growth and investment
In a context where public budgetary resources are scarce and private actors face deleveraging obligations, a return to national prosperity requires a joined-up approach to economic development which activates the right policy levers. Job creation, enterprise creation and social inclusion require robust economic and investment choices at the local level.
Delivering smarter local economic development. The way in which economic development efforts are designed and implemented has a significant impact on policy and strategy outcomes. The purpose of this reviews and reports is to advise national and sub-national governments on the effective delivery of local development. Read more
Ageing labour markets and local economic strategies. The project will identify the policy levers and instruments that can be helpful in the design of strategies to accompany the transition to older local labour markets, and identify how national policy frameworks can best support these transformations. Read more
Stimulating growth through entrepreneurship and the social economy
Maximising the job creation potential of enterprises in both the private sector and the social economy requires comprehensive and integrated strategies to address local market, government and institutional failures.
Boosting local entrepreneurship and enterprise creation. New firm creation and the development of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are vital to the renewal of local economies and the creation of job opportunities but are affected by many barriers in the operation of markets and institutions that need to be addressed through policies at local level. This project assesses the barriers, the policy responses and the policy implementation arrangements through a series of case study reviews. These reviews lead to improved policy approaches, strategies and action plans for local entrepreneurship and enterprise creation by local actors and their partners in national authorities. Read more
Boosting social entrepreneurship and social enterprise creation. The objective of the review on social entrepreneurship and social enterprise creation is to examine and analyse the conditions which have an impact on this sector and identify the role which policy can play in supporting its development. Read more
Nurturing inclusive entrepreneurship. This activity focuses on how public policy can create jobs through self-employment and entrepreneurship and provide better access to the labour market for economically and socially disadvantaged groups. It aims to support policy makers to formulate and implement cost-effective programmes and actions to stimulate business start-up and self-employment by social groups who are disadvantaged in the labour market or under-represented in entrepreneurship through the provision of robust data and information on entrepreneurship and self-employment activities and social inclusion and on the activities and outputs of public policies in this field. Read more
Accelerating local growth. The objective of this activity is to support national and local governments in the design and assessment of policies and programmes for the support of firms with the potential to grow rapidly and create jobs. Read more
Building capacities for local development
The development of capacities is becoming increasingly important in a globalised economy and fragmented policy environment, as effective implementation requires a deeper understanding of how policies interact and how different levers can be combined for maximum impact.
Capacity development sessions, reviews, reports and seminars. The OECD LEED Trento Centre for Local Development will continue to develop capacities of policy makers and practitioners in the various areas of LEED expertise. Taking an integrated approach in the design, implementation and evaluation of local economic and employment development strategies and policies requires high skills and abilities. Capacity building sessions and active reviews involving a capacity building component will target policy makers and practitioners in member and non-member countries, with a focus on Central and Eastern Europe, and in Enhanced Engagement countries and other emerging economies. Read more
Dialogue with and exchange among practitioners. The OECD LEED Forum on Partnerships and Local Development will continue to facilitate the exchange of experiences between the LEED Directing Committee, the broader policy-making community and practitioners worldwide. It will aim to enhance dissemination of the results of LEED work, improve its relevance through feedback from stakeholders involved in policy implementation, and identify innovative practices emerging from the ground. The Forum will organise capacity building seminars and an annual meeting; issue country fact-sheets on partnership models, handbooks and pedagogical materials on partnership working issues; collect and disseminate relevant reports through a dedicated website and information database. Read more
Sharing policy experience with world regions. The initiative on Employment and Skills Strategies in Southeast Asia (ESSSA) facilitates the exchange of experiences on employment and skills development between OECD and Southeast Asian countries, identifies innovative policies and practices in the region and generates guidance and recommendations. Analytical reports are produced on emerging policy issues, expert meetings are organised and networking is supported through a dedicated website. The initiative is jointly led with ILO (International Labour Organisation) in collaboration with ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations). This activity contributes to the OECD Strategy on Development. Read more
2011-2012 LEED projects
2009-2010 LEED projects