LEED Programme (Local Economic and Employment Development)

The Missing Entrepreneurs: Policies for Inclusive Entrepreneurship in Europe


The Missing Entrepreneurs

THE MISSING ENTREPRENEURS: Policies for Inclusive Entrepreneurship in Europe

This publication examines how public policies at national, regional and local levels can support job creation by encouraging business start-ups and self-employment by people from disadvantaged or under-represented social groups in entrepreneurship. It shows that there is substantial potential to combat unemployment and stimulate social inclusion by promoting entrepreneurship in populations such as women, youth, seniors, the unemployed, and migrants, if the specific problems they face can be addressed and if entrepreneurship policies are opened up to all. The report details the barriers in the areas of institutions, entrepreneurial skills and entrepreneurial financing, provides guidance on how policies can intervene, and offers the inspiration of existing good practices from across the European Union.

OECD, The European Commission

Publication Date: 18 Dec 2013
Pages: 248
ISBN: 9789264188167 (PDF) ; 9789264188150 (print)
DOI: 10.1787/9789264188167-en

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Table of Content:

  • Executive summary

  • Chapter 1. The meaning and importance of policies for inclusive entrepreneurship

  • Part I. Inclusive entrepreneurship activities in Europe

  • Chapter 2. Self-employment

  • Chapter 3. Inclusive entrepreneurship over the business life cycle

  • Chapter 4. Impact of self-employment and entrepreneurship

  • Chapter 5. Readers’ Guide to Part I

  • Part II. Policies for inclusive entrepreneurship

  • Chapter 6. Policies to improve institutions

  • Chapter 7. Policies for entrepreneurship skills

  • Chapter 8. Policies for financing

  • Chapter 9. Delivering policies to the target group

  • Part III. Country profiles

  • Chapter 10. Data and inspiring practices in inclusive entrepreneurship policy: Country examples

  • IS


For further information, please contact Jonathan Potter or David Halabisky.