Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED Programme)

Managing Decentralisation: A New Role for Labour Market Policy


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Publication Date:
6 November 2003


Managing Decentralisation: A New Role for Labour Market Policy

To ensure that people's needs are met, governments decentralise the way policies are designed and implemented. In the field of labour market policy, decentralisation is welcomed by a whole range of stakeholders, from business and local governments to community groups and NGOs. While each have their own ideas on how to make policy more effective, all agree that labour market policy has a crucial role to play in economic development and social inclusion.
Decentralising labour market policy is a delicate and challenging subject of political debate. How can greater flexibility be provided in managing policies while still guaranteeing efficiency and accountability? Does decentralisation really enable the co-ordination of policies? At the local level, how do we make the best use of decentralised powers? The OECD requested leading experts and experienced policy makers and practitioners to address these questions. This book summarises the lessons learnt from their experiences.

Table of contents:

Managing Decentralisation and New Forms of Governance
Decentralisation: What Difference Does it Make? A Synthesis
Denmark: Anchoring Labour Market Policies in the Regions
The US: Decentralisation from the Bottom Up
Germany: The Challenge of Taking an Integrated Approach in a Centralised Framework
Italy: Opening the Circuits
The Flemish Region of Belgium: Moving Decentralisation One Step Further
Poland: Opportunities, Mistakes and Challenges of Decentralisation
Flexibility and Accountability in Labour Market Policy: A Synthesis
Spain: Modernisation through Regionalisation
Canada: Partnerships across Levels
The US: Managing Different Levels of Accountability
The Netherlands: Tackling the Trade-off between Efficiency and Accountability
France: Providing Greater Flexibility at Local Level
Poland: A New Accountability Framework for Human Resources Development Programmes
Local Partnerships: Different Histories, Common Challenges – A Synthesis
Improving Governance: The Role of the European Union
The US: Leveraging Government Capacity through New Forms of Governance
Ireland: Linking Public Services and the Local Community
Austria: Bridging Economic Development and Labour Market Policy
The UK: Co-ordinating Public Services through Local Partnerships
Norway: Developing an Integrated Approach in the Regions
Sweden: New Pathways for Labour Market Policy
Russia: Experimenting with Local Partnerships
The Impact of Partnerships on Public Governance

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