LEED Programme (Local Economic and Employment Development)

LEED Publications and Working papers

 

Employment Entrepreneurship Social Economy Local Economic Development Green and Climate change  

 

Employment & Skills

 Job Creation and Local Economic Development 2016

This second edition of Job Creation and Local Economic Development examines how national and local actors can better work together to support economic development and job creation at the local level. It sheds light on a continuum of issues – from how skills policy can better meet the needs of local communities to how local actors can better engage employers in apprenticeships and improve the implementation of SME and entrepreneurship policy. It includes international comparisons that allow local areas to take stock of how they are performing in the marketplace for skills and jobs. It also includes a set of country profiles featuring, among other things, new data on skills supply and demand at the level of OECD sub-regions (TL3).

Employment and Skills Strategies in Sweden

OECD Review on Local Job Creation - Employment and Skills Strategy

Each review examines the capacity of employment services and training providers to contribute to a long-term strategy which can yield returns in terms of resilience of the local economy, skills levels and job quality. The following reports are available in English on the OECD ILibrary.

   

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Entrepreneurship

The Missing Entrepreneurs 2014

Inclusive Business Creation - Good Practice Compendium

This compendium contains 20 case studies of public programmes in European countries that are successfully supporting business creation by people from disadvantaged and under-represented groups in entrepreneurship. The populations targeted by these programmes include youth, women, seniors, the unemployed, immigrants, ethnic minorities and people with disabilities. Each programme description details the programme’s activities and approach, assesses the challenges faced in development and implementation, and offers tips for successful transfer to other contexts.
Public policy actions at national, regional and local levels can make an important contribution to economic growth and social inclusion by promoting business creation and self-employment by people who otherwise could remain outside of the mainstream of entrepreneurship. This compendium demonstrates that workable approaches exist and can help policy makers learn from each other's experiences to achieve widespread results.

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Social Economy

Job creation through the social economy and social entrepreneurship
This report examines the role of Social Economy Organisation's in the provision of employment, and how they have fared during the recent period of economic turbulence. Attention was also paid to SEOs working with vulnerable individuals, either as direct providers of jobs, or providers of training and services designed to help vulnerable individuals into the mainstream labour market. 

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Local Economic Development

Local Economic Leadership

For this report the OECD has analysed four internationally oriented, mid to higher ranking EU cities to share lessons about how local economies can capture the leadership dividend. These cities are Amsterdam, Hamburg, Manchester (encompassing the city-region) and Stockholm. This European quartet has been actively engaged in the challenge to re-build their jobs base, attract employers and grow investment, raise the investment rate, ensure adequate supply of business space, expand new sectors, and build economic inclusiveness in a higher skilled economy. Their leadership models also stand out for their success in shaping their local economies.

Delivering local development - New growth and investment strategies

The OECD LEED Delivering Local Development work stream examines the local and regional framework conditions and instruments for intervention to achieve successful local economic development in participating countries and localities. It covers strategic themes encompassing finance and investment, building the knowledge base, delivery vehicles and economic strategies (including the local development impacts from global events).

Delivering local development in Derry~Londonderry, Northern Ireland - Inclusive growth through one plan

Derry-Londonderry has a challenging period ahead as it seeks to create 12 000 much needed jobs in the city over the next 10 years. It is now an outward-looking and learning city, seeking to learn from international best practice and in turn contribute to new thinking and understanding. Through One Plan – the Regeneration Plan for Derry Londonderry 2020 – the city can determine a different future: a stronger economy and equal society.

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Green and Climate change

 

Green skills and innovation for inclusive growth (OECD-Cedefop) - 2015

The second ‘green skills’ forum organised by Cedefop and the OECD-LEED in February 2014 provided an open space for discussion between researchers, policy-makers, social partners and international organisations on skills development and training needs for a greener economy. The focus of this second staging of the event was ‘green skills and innovation for inclusive employment growth’. The discussions were aimed at identifying obstacles and challenges lying ahead for the development of skills, education and training policies suitable to address the transition to greener and job-rich growth: to set out strategies, initiatives and policy approaches tackling key skills issues for green growth; compare methods and tools used in monitoring and evaluating developments in labour markets; indicate how research can support better targeted policy-making and skills strategies; and identify gaps in knowledge and provide guidance for future research and collaboration for transitioning to a low-carbon economy.

Greener skills and Jobs (OECD-Cedefop) - 2014

‌Green skills, that is, skills needed in a low-carbon economy, will be required in all sectors and at all levels in the workforce as emerging economic activities create new (or renewed) occupations. Structural changes will realign sectors that are likely to decline as a result of the greening of the economy and workers will need to be retrained accordingly. The successful transition to a low-carbon economy will only be possible if workers can flexibly adapt and transfer from areas of decreasing employment to new industries. This report suggests that the role of skills and education and training policies should be an important component of the ecological transformation process.

 
 

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