Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED Programme)

Project: Nurturing inclusive entrepreneurship


A LEED policy innovation project for 2013-2014

 Following-up on the OECD-EU Project on self-employment and entrepreneurship in Europe


RationaleIssues / Methods / Participation / Outputs / Contact


This activity focuses on how public policy can create jobs through self-employment and entrepreneurship and provide better access to the labour market for economically and socially disadvantaged groups.



Groups who are disadvantaged or under-represented in the labour market and entrepreneurship face more, and greater, barriers than mainstream entrepreneurs because they have less experience in the labour market, lower levels of entrepreneurship-specific human capital, more difficulty accessing social capital and networks, and more difficulty obtaining financing to start a business.


The details of the barriers also vary in nature among the different social groups and in comparison with the total population.  Therefore, programmes and measures for inclusive entrepreneurship must be adapted to the needs of each group. This activity will increase understanding of the barriers faced, the policy actions that respond to them, how such actions should be designed and implemented, and the impacts that can be expected.


Main issues to be addressed

The work will address the following key themes and questions:


  Statistical evidence: What are the rates of business creation and self-employment by different social groups and how do they differ among themselves and with the total population?  What do the data show about the extent and nature of the barriers to entrepreneurship by disadvantaged and under-represented groups?


  Programme interventions: What policy actions have been developed and implemented internationally for inclusive entrepreneurship?   What are the objectives, approaches, results and conditions for success of these measures? 


  Policy design and delivery process: How far does the process of formulation of inclusive entrepreneurship policy actions conform to good practice policy cycle approaches?  How are individual actions integrated with other entrepreneurship support measures? 


Issues and policies will be examined in depth among selected social inclusion target groups such as youth, seniors, social entrepreneurs, the unemployed, migrants, and people living in distressed neighbourhoods.  A selection of specific policy instruments will also be highlighted such as business mentoring, business incubation, microfinance and entrepreneurship training.


The project will assemble and disseminate international statistical data on business start-up and self-employment activity rates, obstacles and impacts drawing together relevant existing data from key sources such as the OECD Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme, the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor and Eurobarometer. 


Good practice and innovative programmes and measures for inclusive entrepreneurship will be identified, assessed and described, including their objectives, approaches, impacts and conditions for success.   


Statistical data, policy analysis and recommendations and good practice programme examples will be disseminated to policy and programme managers through annual reports, policy briefs, a project website and animation of a network and community of practice of policy makers, practitioners and experts in this field.


Capacity building seminars will be organised to facilitate mutual learning and build capacities of high-level policy makers in the design and implementation of good practice policies based on the findings of the data collection and analytical work. 



Delegates may wish to propose policy-makers and experts to act as country contact points for this activity.  The country contact points will participate in a community of practice, providing inputs to the work and assisting in dissemination of its results.


Proposals are also invited from countries wishing to host rapid assessments of inclusive entrepreneurship policies and programme arrangements in their countries. 


Capacity-building seminars can also be organised or facilitated in host countries on the themes of this activity.



  A series of policy briefs on inclusive entrepreneurship.

  An annual report containing data, country notes, policy analysis and recommendations.

  Capacity building seminars for high-level policy makers and the possibility of rapid policy assessments in selected countries. 



For further information about the project please contact the OECD Secretariat.


NOTE: Policy innovation projects address important issues in the implementation of the LEED mandate. In 2013-14, building more and better quality jobs requires us to provide ways to make our training and education systems more flexible and agile locally; make skills systems greener to facilitate the seizing of green growth opportunities; build evidence at the level of local labour markets; tackle disadvantage in a context of resource rarefaction locally; adapt local economic strategies to an ageing labour market; nurture more inclusive entrepreneurship; and accelerate local growth.


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