LEED Programme (Local Economic and Employment Development)

Inclusive Entrepreneurship in Europe - An OECD-European Commission Project


Annual Report Policy briefs Capacity building seminars Supporting Youth Entrepreneurship Rapid Policy Assesments

OECD is working with the European Commission, DG Employment and Social Affairs to examine the barriers faced to business creation and self-employment by people who are disadvantaged or under-represented in entrepreneurship activities - youth, seniors, the disabled, women, ethnic minorities, the unemployed and others - and the public policy actions that can promote ans support these activities.


What's new

The Missing entrepreneurs 2015

The Missing Entrepreneurs 2015 is the third edition in a series of annual reports that provide data and policy analysis on inclusive entrepreneurship. Inclusive entrepreneurship involves business start-up and self-employment activities that contribute to social inclusion as well as to economic growth, covering entrepreneurship activities by social groups such as youth, women, seniors, immigrants and the unemployed. The report contains data on the scale and scope of entrepreneurship and self-employment activities across EU Member States by social target groups, as well as the barriers they face. The report also contains special thematic chapters on supporting growth for entrepreneurs from disadvantaged and under-represented groups, effective coaching and mentoring, and the role of public procurement in supporting inclusive entrepreneurship. Each thematic chapter discusses current policy issues and challenges, and makes recommendations for EU policy makers. The report also provides inspiring policy-practice examples from each of the 28 EU Members.



It is entrepreneurship that contributes to social inclusion to give all people an equal opportunity to start up and operate businesses. Target groups are those who are disadvantage and under-represented in entrepreneurship and self-employment, including youth, women, seniors, ethnic minorities and immigrants, disabled people and many other groups.



Today nearly 26 million people in the European Union are unemployed and actively seeking work. One of the responses to moving people back into work is through business creation and self-employment, which is a key outcome sought from inclusive entrepreneurship policies, and with it greater labour market participation by the target population groups. 



Each year a report called the Missing Entrepreneurs will be produced to disseminate an evidence base on inclusive entrepreneurship and self-employment activities and policies in the EU. Read more...



A series of short notes aimed at policy makers are produced to examinate issues and policies for particular social inclusion target groups and specific policy tools that can support them. Read more...



Seminars are held for high-level policy makers in EU Member States to facilitate mutual learning and to build capacity of inclusive entrepreneurship policies. Read more...



For further information, please contact Jonathan Potter or David Halabisky.