The report provides an outline of recent and likely future urbanisation trends and discusses the consequences. The world is in the middle of an urbanisation process that will cause urbanisation rates to rise from low double digit rates to more than 80% by the end of the century. It argues that this is both a great opportunity and a great challenge, as decisions taken today will affect the lifes of people for a long time to come. The report aims at explaining why cities exist, and what can make them prosperous and function well. It also discusses whether cities are good for residents, for the countries they are located in and for the global environment. The report argues that cities exist and grow because they are a source of economic prosperity and offer amenities that benefit their residents. It concludes that urbanisation is a process that needs to be shaped by policy makers to ensure that all benefit from it.
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This publication details results from an OECD LEED project that investigates key indicators of area-based transition to a low-carbon economy. The objective of the project was to provide defined measureable indicators at the regional/local level that can inform over time transition to low carbon-economic and industrial activities addressing two aspects of green growth economy.
The Trentino co-operative model has gained wide acclaim for its positive economic and social impact upon the territory. Developing a strong understanding of why the model has been so effective is important in identifying those factors which other localities could utilise as potential criticalities.
In parallel to a sweeping structural reform agenda, Mexico announced in 2013 a new approach to housing and urban policy. Calling for a more explicit qualitative focus on housing and the urban environment, the policy shift is a welcome development. Mexico urbanised more rapidly than most OECD countries in the past half-century, in part as a result of the expansion of housing finance led by INFONAVIT and facilitated by policies aiming to expand access to formal housing. Yet the quantitative push for formal housing came with quantitative costs: inefficient development patterns resulting in a hollowing out of city centres and the third-highest rate of urban sprawl in the OECD; increasing motorisation rates; a significant share of vacant housing, with one-seventh of the housing stock uninhabited in 2010; housing developments with inadequate access to public transport and basic urban services; and social segregation. How can the Mexican authorities “get cities right” and develop more competitive, sustainable and inclusive cities? How can they improve the capacity of the relevant institutions and foster greater collaboration among them? How can INFONAVIT ensure that its lending activities generate more sustainable urban outcomes as it also fulfils its pension mandate and help Mexicans save more for retirement?
México ha logrado reducir, en gran medida y a una velocidad notable, el déficit cuantitativo de vivienda del país. La adopción e implementación de una política de vivienda más flexible y el fortalecimiento de la política nacional de desarrollo urbano le permitirían beneficiarse del crecimiento económico y sustentable de las ciudades, afirma la OCDE.
The main objective of this project is to gather evidence on local labour markets, in particular on skills supply and demand, employment and productivity.
The purpose of this analysis is to assess how local flexibility can be injected into national adult education and training systems, while reserving accountability; and to better understand how to create an enabling policy environment for the development of effective local skills strategies.
The OECD Port-Cities Programme aims to identify how ports can be assets for urban development. The programme therefore assesses the impact of ports on cities and regions. It also compares policies aimed at increasing positive regional impacts of ports and limiting negative effects.
Ports and cities are historically strongly linked, but the link between port and city growth has become weaker. Economic benefits often spill over to other regions, whereas negative impacts are localised in the port-city. How can ports regain their role as drivers of urban economic growth and how can negative port impacts be mitigated? Those are the questions that this report aims to answer.
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Moravia-Silesia is one of the Czech Republic's most industrialised regions. Mining and medium-tech manufacturing - the sectors with the highest employment rates - are undergoing a process of rapid change.