OECD's Territorial Review of Toronto, Canada. It finds that the Toronto region is one of the chief economic powerhouses of Canada, generating almost one-fifth of national GDP and 45% of Ontario’s GDP. The region is home to 40% of Canada’s business headquarters and is a main manufacturing hub, with major automotive, biomedical and electronics companies. Toronto is also one of the most diverse metropolitan regions in the world: half of its population is foreign born and it hosted 40% of all immigrants to Canada during 2001-2006.
Nevertheless, the region’s current economic development model is under pressure and its economic performance has been mixed in recent years. From 1995 to 2005, GDP per capita and GDP growth rates were below the Canadian average while its annual economic and labour productivity growth were lower than the average for OECD metropolitan regions. During this period, population growth boosted demand in the construction, sales and retail, professional and financial services sectors. However, the recent decline in the area’s manufacturing jobs has illustrated the structural difficulties of some traditionally strong areas, such as the automotive and electronics industries.
This Review proposes a new sustainable competitiveness agenda to enhance productivity, focusing on innovation, cultural diversity and infrastructure, as well as on green policies. To implement such an agenda, the Review proposes improving the current governance framework by intensifying strategic planning at the level of the Toronto region.
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This note is taken from Chapter 3 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2010.
Les Clés de la Réussite présente les résultats d'une étude qui a été menée au Canada. Le but de l'étude est le suivi du parcours, sur presque dix ans, de jeunes Canadiens qui ont participé au test du PISA en 2000.
Pathways to Success presents the results of a study carried out in Canada which has been following the progress over nearly a decade of the Canadian students who sat the test of the Programme for International Student Assessment in the year 2000.
This country note, extracted from the STI Scoreboard 2009, explores recent developments in matters relating to innovation, science, technology and globalisation in Canada.
OECD research shows that to be successful in today’s knowledge economy, communities need to invest not only in the supply of skills but also in the demand for skills.The new OECD LEED project on “Skills for Competitiveness” will examine the advantages of such demand-side policy interventions.
The review proposes a new sustainable competitiveness agenda to enhance productivity in Toronto. This agenda could focus on innovation, cultural diversity and infrastructure; and apply a green lens to policies.
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Canada’s experience in creating new organisational forms for service delivery is a product of its distinct culture and its political form, federalism. In 1867, Canada adopted a federal form of government. Because the new country included diverse linguistic, cultural and regional communities, federalism was seen as a compromise between full integration of the independent colonies and the status quo. Its champions thought that it would
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This article describes the performance budgeting reforms of the government of Canada, the five main lessons learned over the past 30 years, and the current initiatives to strengthen performance measurement for the future.
The Aid for Trade at a Glance 2009: Maintaining Momentum report presents the results of the second monitoring exercise of the Aid for Trade Initiative and documents its success so far.